ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Screening for ASD with the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers with Follow-Up is effective in ruling out ASD in children who screen positive (negative predictive value of 98.6% at 2.2% prevalence).
Review the current screening recommendations from major medical organizations, and learn which interventions lead to optimal outcomes.
May 1, 2016 Issue
Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children for whom no concerns of ASD have been raised by their parents or a clinician.
There are no studies directly comparing the various screening tools. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is the tool most commonly used by physicians, followed by the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT). All other tools account for about 3% of usage.
May 1, 2012 Issue
Therapies for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders [Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews]
What are the effectiveness, benefits, and harms of therapies used to address core and associated symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children two to 12 years of age?
Aug 15, 2011 Issue
Should All Children Be Screened for Autism Spectrum Disorders? No: Screening Is Not Ready for Prime Time [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine]
Whether or not early detection of ASDs through screening is beneficial is best answered by an unbiased, comprehensive systematic review, before screening recommendations are proposed. Several guideline panels in other countries have conducted such a review using robust assessment methods and have re...
Aug 15, 2011 Issue
Should All Children Be Screened for Autism Spectrum Disorders? Yes: Merging Science, Policy, and Practice [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine]
Screening offers the potential for early treatment, which can lessen the effect of a condition. This is true for ASDs and related disorders in which randomized controlled trials have demonstrated improvements in young children with ASDs with regard to parent-child social communication, socially enga...
We know that the number of persons receiving services for autism spectrum disorders has increased substantially since the early 1990s, but are there really more children today with the cluster of behaviors that make up the autism spectrum disorders than there were in the past?
Sep 15, 2010 Issue
Autism and Childhood Vaccinations: Debunking the Myth [AFP Journal Club]
Are childhood vaccinations associated with subsequent development of autism? This month's article provides the science and statistics to dispel the theory that childhood vaccinations induce autism.
The earliest sign of autism in children is the delayed attainment of social skill milestones, including joint attention, social orienting, and pretend play. Language impairment is a common, but less specific, sign of autism. Repetitive behaviors and restricted interests may not be noted until after ...