ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Childhood Behavioral Problems

May 15, 2018 Issue
General Parenting Strategies: Practical Suggestions for Common Child Behavior Issues [Article]

Effective strategies for influencing a child’s behavior include positive reinforcement to increase appropriate behavior, extinction (planned ignoring) for most low-level problematic behaviors, and time-out from reinforcement for more problematic behaviors. Parents should be cautioned about the use of punishment (e.g., scolding, taking away privileges or possessions) because it suppresses behavior only temporarily.


Feb 1, 2018 Issue
Childhood Bullying: Implications for Physicians [Article]

Childhood bullying can lead to lasting effects for both the victim and the bully. Bully-victims (victims who reactively bully others) are at particularly high risk. Family physicians can make a difference by screening early for bullying, recognizing signs of bullying, and supporting patients and their families.


Oct 15, 2017 Issue
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders [Article]

The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012. Find out how to screen women for alcohol use that increases risk to their fetus, which clinical features should prompt a workup for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, and how to manage commonly co-occurring conditions.


Apr 1, 2016 Issue
Common Questions About Oppositional Defiant Disorder [Article]

Find out how to differentiate oppositional defiant disorder from other psychiatric conditions, which treatments have the best evidence, and how to improve emotional self-regulation and decrease conduct issues in children and adolescents with this disorder.


Aug 15, 2015 Issue
Counseling on Early Childhood Concerns: Sleep Issues, Thumb-Sucking, Picky Eating, School Readiness, and Oral Health [Article]

Family physicians are an important source of information for parents on early childhood concerns. Find out the best methods for addressing issues related to sleep, thumb-sucking, picky eating, school readiness, and oral health.


Jul 15, 2009 Issue
Counseling on Early Childhood Concerns: Sleep Issues, Thumb Sucking, Picky Eating, and School Readiness [Article]

Sleep issues, thumb sucking, coping with picky eating, and determining if a child is ready for school are common concerns of families with young children. Information and resources to help counsel on these topics include recommendations from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the American Denta...


Nov 1, 2008 Issue
Toilet Training [Article]

Toilet training is a developmental task that impacts families with small children. All healthy children are eventually toilet trained, and most complete the task without medical intervention. Most research on toilet training is descriptive, although some is evidence based. In the United States, the ...


Oct 1, 2008 Issue
Oppositional Defiant Disorder [Article]

Oppositional defiant disorder is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., as a recurrent pattern of developmentally inappropriate, negativistic, defiant, and disobedient behavior toward authority figures. This behavior often appears in the preschool years, but i...


May 1, 2008 Issue
Stuttering: An Overview [Article]

Speech dysfluency (stuttering) is common in children. Although stuttering often resolves before adulthood, it can cause significant anxiety for children and their families. Stuttering speech patterns are often easily identifiable; when a child is learning to talk, repetition of sounds or words, prol...


Nov 1, 2004 Issue
Childhood Bullying: Implications for Physicians [Article]

Childhood bullying has potentially serious implications for bullies and their targets. Bullying involves a pattern of repeated aggression, a deliberate intent to harm or disturb a victim despite the victim's apparent distress, and a real or perceived imbalance of power. Bullying can lead to serious ...


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