Family Planning and Contraception

Nov 1, 2014 Issue
Oral Contraceptives Are Not an Effective Treatment for Ovarian Cysts [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Oral contraceptives are not an effective treatment for ovarian cysts, whether the cysts are spontaneous or associated with medically induced ovulation. Most cysts resolve without intervention within two to three months. Those that do not resolve in this time frame are more likely to be pathologic in...

May 1, 2014 Issue
Progestin-Only Contraceptives: Effects on Weight [Cochrane for Clinicians]

There is little evidence that progestin-only contraceptives cause weight gain; in this review, mean weight gain was less than 2 kg (4.4 lb) for most studies up to 12 months.

Apr 1, 2014 Issue
An Update on Emergency Contraception [Article]

Help patients learn which methods are available and how to use them effectively.

Mar 15, 2014 Issue
Intrauterine Devices: An Update [Article]

Three intrauterine devices (IUDs) are available in the United States: the copper T 380A and two levonorgestrel-releasing IUDs, one that releases 20 mcg of levonorgestrel per 24 hours, and one that releases 14 mcg per 24 hours. All are safe and effective methods of contraception that work predominant...

Mar 15, 2014 Issue
Optimal Use of IUDs: Why Aren't We There Yet? [Editorials]

IUDs are safe and effective. Physicians with an understanding of IUD procedures and of their benefits and risks are more likely to appropriately counsel their patients.

Dec 1, 2013 Issue
Common Questions About Vasectomy [Article]

Vasectomy offers a safe, effective, and permanent method of male contraception, with an overall failure rate of less than 1% in pooled studies. Men older than 30 years in a stable, committed relationship appear to be the best candidates for vasectomy. The no-scalpel technique reduces operative com...

Jun 1, 2013 Issue
Contraceptive Education for Women After Childbirth [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Postpartum education may increase contraceptive use and reduce unplanned repeat pregnancies, although the evidence is mixed. The optimal timing and content of educational programs are not known.

Dec 15, 2012 Issue
Cardiovascular Risk of Combined Oral Contraceptive Use [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

Because of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the use of combined oral contraceptives (OCs) should be considered carefully in women who smoke and in those with hypertension or hyperlipidemia.

Dec 1, 2012 Issue
The Effects of Combination Contraceptives on Weight [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Compared with placebo or no intervention, the use of combination contraceptives was not associated with weight gain. Most studies comparing different types of combination contraceptives showed no statistically significant effects on weight.

Nov 15, 2012 Issue
Natural Family Planning [Article]

Natural family planning methods provide a unique option for committed couples. Advantages include the lack of medical adverse effects and the opportunity for participants to learn about reproduction. Modern methods of natural family planning involve observation of biologic markers to identify fertil...

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