ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
In children with chronic cough, a simple approach of ruling out specific indicators of cause, followed by treating a “wet” cough with antibiotics, results in a significant decrease in the duration of cough. Some of the causes of chronic cough were reactive airway disease, bronchiectasis, and aspiration.
A teaspoonful of honey, given alone or with a noncaffeinated liquid before bedtime, decreases cough frequency and severity while improving the sleep of parents and the child with acute cough.
Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.
Initial evaluation of the patient with chronic cough (i.e., of more than eight weeks’ duration) should include a focused history and physical examination, and in most patients, chest radiography. Patients who are taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor should switch to a medication from an...
Sep 1, 2011 Issue
GERD Treatment for Chronic Nonspecific Cough in Children and Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Acid suppressants or prokinetic agents should not be used to treat chronic nonspecific cough in infants or children. There is insufficient evidence to support or discourage use of these agents to treat chronic non-specific cough in adults, even in those with a history of GERD.
Is honey an effective treatment for cough in children? Although this study failed to provide convincing evidence of effectiveness, honey may be a safe alternative to soothe cough in children older than one year.
Jul 1, 2008 Issue
Over-the-Counter Medications for Acute Cough Symptoms [Cochrane for Clinicians]
It is uncertain whether OTC cough medications are effective in reducing cough symptoms in adults; in children, no trials show a statistically significant benefit in the treatment compared with the placebo groups. Overall, the quality of evidence is poor; adult studies show conflicting results from h...
On a typical day, a family physician will see at least one patient presenting with cough. Information on the diagnosis and management of coughs is available from the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).
Apr 1, 2006 Issue
Inhaled Beta Agonists for Chronic, Nonspecific Cough in Children? [Cochrane for Clinicians]
The single clinical trial on this topic found that inhaled beta agonists do not reduce cough frequency or improve symptoms in children with chronic, nonspecific cough.
Patients with chronic cough should avoid exposure to irritants that can trigger cough, and those who smoke should stop smoking. Patients who develop chronic cough in association with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy should be switched to an agent from another drug class. If cough pers...