ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
The goal of health care in patients with developmental disabilities is to improve their well-being, function, and participation in family and community. Physicians can ensure proper medical care in this population by ensuring that their practices comply with guidelines for physical access, responding promptly to urgent medical problems, providing age-appropriate health maintenance, and assessing risk to prevent secondary complications.
Tools used to screen for developmental delay present several options for physicians and parents. Early intervention programs for children who have one or more delay can have a positive impact on long-term functioning.
Nov 15, 2015 Issue
Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Five Years and Younger [Putting Prevention into Practice]
A two-year-old girl presents to your office for a routine well-child visit. She has had one ear infection in the past year but is otherwise healthy. Her mother has no specific concerns about her speech and language development. There is no family history of congenital disorders or developmental dela...
Nov 1, 2015 Issue
Menstrual Concerns in an Adolescent with Disabilities [Curbside Consultation]
Clinicians who care for female adolescents with cognitive and physical disabilities are often consulted on the management of menstrual bleeding for purposes of hygiene, dysmenorrhea, and treatment of premenstrual symptoms. Contraception is also commonly discussed to mitigate pregnancy risk from cons...
Aug 15, 2015 Issue
Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Aged 5 Years or Younger: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger.
Mar 1, 2014 Issue
Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published guidelines on the clinical evaluation of children with developmental delays or mental retardation. Family physicians play a major role in the early recognition and referral of children with possible developmental problems.
Oct 15, 2006 Issue
Screening for Speech and Language Delay in Preschool Children [Putting Prevention into Practice]
Case study: R.F. brings her three-year-old daughter in for a routine well-child examination. R.F. says that she is not concerned about her daughter’s development, but that her friend’s preschooler is being evaluated for a possible speech delay.
May 1, 2006 Issue
Screening for Speech and Language Delay in Preschool Children: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for speech and language delay in preschool children and the supporting scientific evidence.
Speech and language therapy is effective in children who have problems with expressive vocabulary and pronunciation. There is insufficient evidence regarding interventions for receptive disorders and mixed results for interventions to improve expressive grammar and sentence structure.