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Help patients with prediabetes or diabetes achieve dietary and physical activity goals using the strategies discussed in this article.
ixisenatide is an easy-to-use, once-daily injectable therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults. It is at least as effective as exenatide at reducing A1C and body weight, with similar rates of gastrointestinal adverse effects.
Reductions in A1C are less with albiglutide than with the first-line therapy metformin, and albiglutide costs significantly more than metformin and sulfonylureas. Albiglutide's ability to reduce diabetes-related morbidity and major cardiovascular events is unknown.
The initial Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study, which compared standard treatment with intensive control, found that despite good intentions, cardiovascular (CV) and overall mortality are significantly higher when blood glucose levels are lower.
Semaglutide significantly reduced the composite outcome of CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 43 over 2.1 years). It was generally well tolerated, and it reduced body weight by approximately 6.4 to 9.5 lb (2.9 to 4.3 kg).
Jan 1, 2017 Issue
ADA Updates Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus [Practice Guidelines]
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recently updated its standards of care to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care. Key changes in the 2016 update include new screening recommendations, clarification of diagnostic testing, an...
Empagliflozin can be added to existing type 2 diabetes treatment to lower A1C levels, although there are less expensive options. In older patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease, empagliflozin can decrease all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalization for heart failure.
Gastrointestinal disorders of diabetes include gastroparesis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic diarrhea. Find out how to diagnose and treat these conditions.
The Society for Vascular Surgery collaborated with the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Society for Vascular Medicine to create evidence-based guidelines to improve the care of patients with a diabetic foot.
In multiple randomized trials, the long-term use of second- or third-generation sulfonylureas in patients with type 2 diabetes is not associated with more deaths, myocardial infarctions (MIs), or strokes. The included trials tended not to report other safety data.