ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Case study: A 50-year-old woman with a history of hyperlipidemia visits your office for a physical examination. Her blood pressure is 140/82 mm Hg, and her body mass index is 30 kg per m2.
Nov 15, 2009 Issue
Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus in asymptomatic adults with sustained blood pressure (treated or untreated) greater than 135/80 mm Hg.
Nov 1, 2009 Issue
Low Glycemic Index Diets for the Management of Diabetes [Cochrane for Clinicians]
The low glycemic index diet (sometimes called a low glycemic load diet) lowered the A1C level by a weighted mean difference of 0.5 percent when compared with a high glycemic index (or glycemic load) diet. Fewer episodes of hypoglycemia occurred with a low glycemic index diet compared with a high glycemic index diet.
What are the effects of interventions to prevent foot ulcers and amputations in persons with diabetes? What are the effects of treatments in persons with diabetes with foot ulceration?
Jul 15, 2009 Issue
Risk-Assessment Tools for Detecting Undiagnosed Diabetes [Point-of-Care Guides]
Early intervention with lifestyle modifications or pharmacotherapy has been shown to effectively delay or prevent type 2 diabetes in adults.
Mar 1, 2009 Issue
Dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 Inhibitors for Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes [Cochrane for Clinicians]
When used as monotherapy or in conjunction with metformin (Glucophage) or thiazolidinediones, the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin (Januvia) decreases A1C levels by 0.7 percent, but there are no data on patient-oriented outcomes or long-term safety. Until more studies are completed, it should only be use...
Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, reduced-calorie diet; aggr...
Although patients treated with becaplermin are more likely to experience complete and faster ulcer healing than patients continuing good wound care alone, the increased risk of cancer mortality and significant cost outweigh the possible benefits in most patients.
Foot infections are common in patients with diabetes and are associated with high morbidity and risk of lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and beta-hemolytic streptococci, are the mos...