ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
CT has substantially advanced medical care through improved diagnosis, but its use comes with potential harms, including cancer risk from radiation; detection of incidental findings that may lead to additional and often unnecessary diagnostic testing and treatment; and accidental radiation overdose....
In recent years, however, MRI often has been used solely to establish a diagnosis, in many cases before any conservative treatment has been instituted. This practice raises the following questions: Is MRI overused in patients with musculoskeletal conditions? What are the indications for MRI?
The increasing use of cross-sectional imaging has led to an increase in the incidental discovery of adrenal masses (adrenal incidentalomas). Although most of these lesions are benign, they often present a diagnostic dilemma. Before creating a management plan, the physician should determine if the ...
The Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has reassessed the use of neuroimaging in patients presenting to the emergency department with seizure.
Mar 1, 2008 Issue
AHA Guidelines on Cardiac CT for Assessing Coronary Artery Disease [Practice Guidelines]
The American Heart Association (AHA) has released guidelines for the use of cardiac computed tomography (CT) when evaluating patients for coronary artery disease.
Sep 1, 2007 Issue
Counseling Women About Mammography: Benefits vs. Harms [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Studies of mammography show a 0.1 percent absolute reduction in breast cancer mortality with mammography. This means that if 2,000 women are offered mammography over 10 years, one woman would have her life prolonged, 10 healthy women would be treated unnecessarily for breast cancer, and about 200 wo...
Aug 1, 2007 Issue
AGA Releases Position Statement on CT Colonography [Practice Guidelines]
Although computed tomographic (CT) colonography is considered investigational for colorectal screening, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) suggests that it could significantly influence patient care and how the field of gastroenterology is defined.
Jun 1, 2007 Issue
ACS Recommendations on MRI and Mammography for Breast Cancer Screening [Practice Guidelines]
According to new guidelines from the American Cancer Society (ACS), women at high risk of developing breast cancer should receive annual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to mammography.
Noninvasive cardiac imaging can be used for the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. It is central to the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, or acute coronary syndromes with or without angina. Radion...