ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Diarrhea

Dec 15, 2005 Issue
Rifaximin (Xifaxan) for Traveler's Diarrhea [STEPS]

Rifaximin is safe and effective for treatment in most patients with traveler's diarrhea, but it offers no advantages over ciprofloxacin. At the same cost, it has a less convenient dosage interval than ciprofloxacin and has more limitations.


Jun 1, 2005 Issue
Traveler's Diarrhea [Article]

Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella are common c...


Mar 1, 2005 Issue
Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea [Article]

Clostridium difficile infection is responsible for approximately 3 million cases of diarrhea and colitis annually in the United States. The mortality rate is 1 to 2.5 percent. Early diagnosis and prompt aggressive treatment are critical in managing C. difficile-associated diarrhea. Major predisposin...


May 1, 2002 Issue
Lactose Intolerance [Article]

Persons with lactose intolerance are unable to digest significant amounts of lactose because of a genetically inadequate amount of the enzyme lactase. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and bloating, excessive flatus, and watery stool following the ingestion of foods containing lactose. Lactase ...


Dec 01, 1999 Issue
Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children [Article]

Acute gastroenteritis is a common and costly clinical problem in children. It is a largely self-limited disease with many etiologies. The evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis requires a careful history and a complete physical examination to uncover other illnesses with similar presenta...


Jul 01, 1999 Issue
Prevention and Treatment of Traveler's Diarrhea [Article]

Common pathogens in traveler's diarrhea include enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia and many other species. Viruses and protozoa are the cause in many cases. Fortunately, traveler's diarrhea can usually be avoided by carefully selecting foods and beverages...


Nov 15, 1998 Issue
Gastroenteritis in Children: Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment [Article]

Gastroenteritis in children is a common reason for visits to family physicians. Most cases of gastroenteritis have a viral etiology and are self-limited. However, more severe or prolonged cases of gastroenteritis can result in dehydration with significant morbidity and mortality. This is often the s...


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