ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Drug Therapy

Dec 1, 2001 Issue
Quinupristin-Dalfopristin: A New Antibiotic for Severe Gram-Positive Infections [Article]

The steady increase in resistant organisms is related to the widespread use of antibiotics in community and hospital settings. New therapeutic options are needed, including treatments for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant gram-positive organisms. Quinupristin-dalfopristin, the first formulat...


Sep 15, 2001 Issue
Appropriate Antimicrobial Prescribing: Approaches that Limit Antibiotic Resistance [Article]

Since the introduction of antimicrobial agents, there has been an association between antibiotic use and the development of antimicrobial resistance. Antibiotic therapy eradicates not only pathogenic organisms but also the protective normal flora. This so-called "selective pressure" results in colon...


Sep 15, 2001 Issue
Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Part V. Acute Bronchitis [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed guidelines for evaluating and treating adults with acute respiratory disease. Information focusing on the appropriate use of antibiotics for treatment of uncomplicated acute bronchitis is included in these guidelines.


Sep 1, 2001 Issue
Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Part IV. Acute Pharyngitis. [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued guidelines for evaluating and treating adults with acute respiratory disease. Information focusing on appropriate antibiotic use in acute pharyngitis is included in these guidelines.


Aug 15, 2001 Issue
Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Part III. Acute Rhinosinusitis [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed guidelines for evaluating and treating adults with acute respiratory disease. The recommendations in part III of the guidelines present an argument for a conservative approach to antibiotic use in patients with rhinosinusitislike symptoms.


Aug 1, 2001 Issue
Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Part II. Nonspecific Upper Respiratory Tract Infections [Practice Guidelines]

Widespread use of antibiotics in agriculture, increased antibiotic use in children and excessive use of antibiotics in adults have caused an increase in antibiotic-resistant organisms in the past decade. To address this issue, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed guide...


Jul 15, 2001 Issue
Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Part I. Acute Respiratory Tract Infections [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed guidelines for evaluating and treating adults with acute respiratory illnesses. The goal of the principles is to provide clinicians with practical strategies for limiting antibiotic use to the patients who are most likely to benefit from it.


Mar 15, 2001 Issue
Antimicrobial Resistence: A Plan of Action for Community Practice [Article]

Antibiotic resistance was once confined primarily to hospitals but is becoming increasingly prevalent in family practice settings, making daily therapeutic decisions more challenging. Recent reports of pediatric deaths and illnesses in communities in the United States have raised concerns about the ...


Aug 1, 2000 Issue
Appropriate Prescribing of Oral Beta-Lactam Antibiotics [Article]

Beta-lactam antibiotics include penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds. As a group, these drugs are active against many gram-positive, gram-negative and anaerobic organisms. Information based on "expert opinion" and antimicrobial susceptibility testing supports certain antibiotic choices ...


Jun 15, 2000 Issue
Cyclooxygenase-2 Enzyme Inhibitors: Place in Therapy [Article]

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) play a major role in the management of inflammation and pain caused by arthritis. A new class of NSAIDs that selectively inhibit the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme has been developed. The first COX-2 inhibitors, celecoxib and rofecoxib, are said to prov...


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