Aug 1, 2020 Issue
Hyperpigmentation of the Tongue and Buccal Mucosa [Photo Quiz]

Apr 15, 2020 Issue
Hyperpigmentation of the Tongue and Systemic Symptoms [Photo Quiz]

A woman presents with darkening of her skin, tongue, and lips.

Aug 1, 2018 Issue
Type 1 Diabetes: Management Strategies [Article]

Patients with type 1 diabetes should maintain tight glycemic control to prevent complications. Frequent self-monitoring of blood glucose levels leads to improved A1C levels. Insulin administration via multiple daily injections or an insulin pump is effective. Physicians should educate patients about lifestyle management, recognition of hypoglycemia, and proper care during sick days.

May 1, 2018 Issue
Gender-Dysphoric/Gender-Incongruent Persons: Treatment Recommendations from the Endocrine Society [Practice Guidelines]

Gender-dysphoric/gender-incongruent persons require a safe and effective hormone regimen. These recommendations are an update to the clinical practice guideline on endocrine treatment of transsexual persons published in 2009 by the Endocrine Society.

Oct 1, 2017 Issue
Testosterone Therapy: Review of Clinical Applications [Article]

Testosterone therapy is becoming increasingly popular despite mixed evidence of benefit. It should be considered in men only if there are signs or symptoms of hypogonadism and morning total serum testosterone levels are low on two occasions. Testosterone is also used to treat hypoactive sexual desire disorder in postmenopausal women and to produce physical male sex characteristics in female-to-male transgendered patients.

Jun 1, 2017 Issue
Testosterone Does Not Improve Cognition in Memory-Impaired Older Men with Low Testosterone Levels [POEMs]

Testosterone supplementation for men 65 years or older with age-associated memory impairment and a low baseline testosterone level was not associated with significant improvements in memory or other cognitive functions.

Jul 1, 2015 Issue
Growth Hormone for Treatment of Idiopathic Short Stature in Children [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Apr 1, 2014 Issue
Addison Disease: Early Detection and Treatment Principles [Article]

Learn how to identify signs and symptoms, confirm the diagnosis, and manage hormone therapy.

Sep 1, 2013 Issue
Pituitary Adenomas: An Overview [Article]

Prolactinomas and nonfunctioning adenomas are the most common types of pituitary adenomas. Patients with pituitary adenomas may present initially with symptoms of endocrine dysfunction such as infertility, decreased libido, and galactorrhea, or with neurologic symptoms such as headache and visual ch...

Feb 1, 2012 Issue
Human Parathyroid Hormone for Treating Osteoporosis [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

Human parathyroid hormone should be used in patients with severe osteoporosis to decrease the rate of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures.

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