Eye/Vision Disorders

Jul 15, 2011 Issue
Vision Screening for Children One to Five Years of Age [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: A three-year-old girl presents for routine childhood immunizations and a routine evaluation. She does not have a history of vision screening and has no abnormal vision symptoms.

Jan 15, 2011 Issue
Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for visual acuity for the improvement of outcomes in older adults.

Jan 15, 2011 Issue
Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: A 68-year-old black man presents for a routine checkup and refill of his hypertension medication. He has smoked a pack of cigarettes daily for more than 45 years. He asks if he should be screened for cataracts, which his father developed in his 60s. The patient reports no difficulty with his vision and no problem driving at night.

Sep 15, 2010 Issue
Bacterial Conjunctivitis [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of empiric treatment in adults and children with suspected bacterial conjunctivitis? What are the effects of treatment in adults and children with culture-confirmed bacterial or suspected or clinically confirmed gonococcal conjunctivitis?

Jul 1, 2010 Issue
Pain In the Quiet (Not Red) Eye [Article]

The first step in the evaluation of pain in the quiet, nonred eye is to determine the anatomic origin of the pain and whether it is caused by a vision-threatening condition. The differential diagnosis is extensive and involves ocular, orbital, cranial, neurologic, and vascular areas.

Jan 15, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Red Eye in Primary Care [Article]

Red eye is the cardinal sign of ocular inflammation. The condition is usually benign and can be managed by primary care physicians. Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of red eye. Other common causes include blepharitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, subconjunctival hemorrhage, keratitis, irit...

Jan 1, 2010 Issue
LASIK: A Primer for Family Physicians [Article]

Surgical correction of vision is becoming increasingly popular. Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most popular method of corneal refractive surgery. LASIK is usually limited to adults who have stable refraction. Contraindications include the use of certain medications, conditions ...

Jan 1, 2010 Issue
Retinal Changes and Visual Impairment [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Dec 1, 2009 Issue
Preoperative Testing for Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Routine preoperative testing before cataract surgery does not reduce intraoperative or postoperative complications.

Jun 15, 2009 Issue
Floppy Iris Syndrome: Why BPH Treatment Can Complicate Cataract Surgery [Editorials]

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