Eye/Vision Disorders

Jun 1, 2009 Issue
Vision Loss in Older Persons [Article]

Family physicians have an essential role in assessing, identifying, treating, and preventing or delaying vision loss in the aging population. Approximately one in 28 U.S. adults older than 40 years is visually impaired. Vision loss is associated with depression, social isolation, falls, and medicati...

Oct 15, 2008 Issue
Convoluted Vessels in the Eye [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

May 15, 2008 Issue
The Visually Impaired Patient [Article]

Blindness or low vision affects more than 3 million Americans 40 years and older, and this number is projected to reach 5.5 million by 2020. In addition to treating a patient's vision loss and comorbid medical issues, physicians must be aware of the physical limitations and social issues associated ...

Dec 15, 2007 Issue
Differential Diagnosis of the Swollen Red Eyelid [Article]

The differential diagnosis of eyelid erythema and edema is broad, ranging from benign, self-limiting dermatoses to malignant tumors and vision-threatening infections. A definitive diagnosis usually can be made on physical examination of the eyelid and a careful evaluation of symptoms and exposures.

Sep 15, 2007 Issue
Ocular Emergencies [Article]

Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of ocular emergencies are essential in the primary care setting when the outcome may depend on timely management. All ocular emergencies, including a penetrating globe injury, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, acute angle-closure glauc...

Apr 1, 2007 Issue
Work-Related Eye Injuries and Illnesses [Article]

More than 65,000 work-related eye injuries and illnesses, causing significant morbidity and disability, are reported in the United States annually. A well-equipped eye tray includes fluorescein dye, materials for irrigation and foreign body removal, a short-acting mydriatic agent, and topical anesth...

Feb 1, 2007 Issue
Amblyopia [Article]

Amblyopia, a decrease in visual acuity, is a major public health problem with a prevalence of 1 to 4 percent in the United States. It is thought to develop early in life during the critical period of visual development. Early recognition of amblyogenic risk factors such as strabismus, refractive err...

Dec 1, 2006 Issue
Patching for Corneal Abrasions? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Patching is not beneficial for the treatment of simple corneal abrasions as measured by time to healing, complete healing rates at 24 to 48 hours, or pain.

Sep 1, 2006 Issue
Antioxidants and Minerals for Age-Related Macular Degeneration [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Supplementation with a combination of vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and zinc modestly reduces the progression of ARMD in patients with disease in one or both eyes. High-dose vitamin supplements should not be recommended for patients without ARMD because of the possible harmful effects of vitamin E and beta-carotene at high doses.

Mar 15, 2006 Issue
Retinoblastoma [Article]

Retinoblastoma, a neuroblastic tumor, is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood. Patients usually present with leukokoria (white reflex or white pupil), detected in primary care. The mean age at diagnosis is 12 months for bilateral tumors and 24 months for unilateral tumors. If ...

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