Eye/Vision Disorders

Dec 15, 2005 Issue
Unilateral Vision Loss with a Macular Star [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Jan 15, 2005 Issue
Screening for Visual Impairment in Children Younger Than Five Years: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for visual impairment in children younger than five years and the supporting evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.

Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Management of Corneal Abrasions [Article]

Corneal abrasions result from cutting, scratching, or abrading the thin, protective, clear coat of the exposed anterior portion of the ocular epithelium. These injuries cause pain, tearing, photophobia, foreign body sensation, and a gritty feeling. Symptoms can be worsened by exposure to light, blin...

Apr 1, 2004 Issue
Evaluation and Management of Suspected Retinal Detachment [Article]

Retinal detachment often is a preventable cause of vision loss. There are three types of retinal detachments: exudative, tractional, and rhegmatogenous. The most common type is rhegmatogenous, which results from retinal breaks caused by vitreoretinal traction. Risk factors for retinal detachment inc...

Oct 15, 2003 Issue
AAP Releases Policy Statement on Eye Examinations [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on eye examinations in infants, children, and young adults. The report focuses on the importance of early detection and prompt treatment of ocular disorders in children to avoid permanent visual impairment.

Sep 1, 2003 Issue
Abnormal Ocular Findings [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

May 1, 2003 Issue
Open-Angle Glaucoma [Article]

Glaucoma is the second most common cause of legal blindness in the United States. Open-angle glaucoma is an asymptomatic, progressive optic neuropathy characterized by enlarging optic disc cupping and visual field loss. Patients at increased risk for open-angle glaucoma include blacks older than 40 ...

Apr 1, 2003 Issue
Prevention and Treatment of Common Eye Injuries in Sports [Article]

Sports have become increasingly popular and account for numerous eye injuries each year. The sports that most commonly cause eye injuries, in order of decreasing frequency, are basketball, water sports, baseball, and racquet sports. Sports are classified as low risk, high risk, and very high risk. S...

Nov 1, 2002 Issue
Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Conjunctivitis? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

This review indicates that even in high-risk patients with bacterial conjunctivitis, there is only a small benefit of treatment with antibiotics. Furthermore, most cases (64 percent) resolve spontaneously, and complications are rare. Therefore, it is reasonable to avoid antibiotic use in a low-risk patient with suspected viral conjunctivitis.

Sep 15, 2002 Issue
Ocular Manifestations of Autoimmune Disease [Article]

Rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, the seronegative spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, giant cell arteritis, and Graves' disease are autoimmune disorders commonly encountered by family physicians. These autoimmune disorders...

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