Eye/Vision Disorders

Apr 1, 2003 Issue
Prevention and Treatment of Common Eye Injuries in Sports [Article]

Sports have become increasingly popular and account for numerous eye injuries each year. The sports that most commonly cause eye injuries, in order of decreasing frequency, are basketball, water sports, baseball, and racquet sports. Sports are classified as low risk, high risk, and very high risk. S...

Nov 1, 2002 Issue
Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Conjunctivitis? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

This review indicates that even in high-risk patients with bacterial conjunctivitis, there is only a small benefit of treatment with antibiotics. Furthermore, most cases (64 percent) resolve spontaneously, and complications are rare. Therefore, it is reasonable to avoid antibiotic use in a low-risk patient with suspected viral conjunctivitis.

Sep 15, 2002 Issue
Ocular Manifestations of Autoimmune Disease [Article]

Rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, the seronegative spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, giant cell arteritis, and Graves' disease are autoimmune disorders commonly encountered by family physicians. These autoimmune disorders...

Oct 1, 2001 Issue
Overview of Refractive Surgery [Article]

Patients with myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism can now reduce or eliminate their dependence on contact lenses and eyeglasses through refractive surgery that includes radial keratotomy (RK), photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), laser thermal keratoplasty ...

Aug 15, 2001 Issue
Commonly Missed Diagnoses in the Childhood Eye Examination [Article]

Early and accurate detection of eye disorders in children can present a challenge for family physicians. Visual acuity screening, preferably performed before four years of age, is essential for diagnosing amblyopia. Cover testing may disclose small-angle or intermittent strabismus. Leukocoria, which...

Oct 15, 2000 Issue
Topical Fluoroquinolones for Eye and Ear [Article]

Topical fluoroquinolones are now available for use in the eye and ear. Their broad spectrum of activity includes the common eye and ear pathogens Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For the treatment of acute otitis externa, these agents are as effective as previously available otic pr...

May 15, 2000 Issue
Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Update for Primary Care [Article]

Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss among the elderly. In this condition, central vision is lost, but peripheral vision almost always remains intact. Affected persons rarely require canes or guide dogs. The diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration is base...

Sep 1, 1999 Issue
The Eye in Childhood [Article]

Normal visual development is rapid during the first six months of life and continues through the first decade. Young children are uniquely sensitive to conditions that interfere with vision and visual development. Amblyopia, or functionally defective development of the central visual system, may be ...

Aug 01, 1999 Issue
Endogenous Endophthalmitis: Case Report and Brief Review [Article]

Endogenous endophthalmitis is a potentially blinding ocular infection resulting from hematogenous spread from a remote primary source. The condition is relatively rare but may become more common as the number of chronically debilitated patients and the use of invasive procedures increase. Many etiol...

Jul 01, 1999 Issue
Common Causes of Vision Loss in Elderly Patients [Article]

Vision loss among the elderly is a major health care problem. Approximately one person in three has some form of vision-reducing eye disease by the age of 65. The most common causes of vision loss among the elderly are age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic retinopathy. Ag...

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