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Foot and Ankle Disorders
Many common foot problems are best managed with appropriate over-the-counter treatments and home care, such as nonprescription medications, modified footwear, and shoe inserts, with careful guidance from a family physician. Proper shoe fit is key to avoiding many foot problems.
Recognizing Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is critical because if untreated, patients are at risk of ulceration, infection, and amputation. Physicians should suspect Charcot foot in patients older than 40 years who present with peripheral neuropathy and acute swelling with associated erythema and warmth. The mainstay of treatment is immobilization in a total contact cast.
There is low-quality evidence that corticosteroid injections slightly reduce heel pain at one month, but they make no significant difference beyond that time. Patients treated with corticosteroid injections were less likely to experience treatment failure—a designation that was defined differently b...
The differential diagnosis of heel pain is extensive, but a mechanical etiology is the most common. Learn the most likely causes of heel pain based on the specific anatomic location affected.
An older man with poor personal hygiene presents with deformed toenails and foot pain.
A newborn presented with a grossly externally rotated foot at birth.
Find out which types of fractures can be treated conservatively and which ones require orthopedic referral, as well as typical healing times for the most common types of foot fractures seen in primary care: metatarsal shaft fractures, proximal fifth metatarsal fractures, and toe fractures.
In this study, unlike others, patients with chronic plantar fasciitis treated with extra-corporeal shock wave therapy had greater pain relief than those treated with placebo.
Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.
Diabetic foot infection, defined as soft tissue or bone infection below the malleoli, is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus leading to hospitalization and the most frequent cause of nontraumatic lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are diagnosed clinically based on the...