ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Foot and Ankle Disorders

Dec 1, 2007 Issue
NSAIDs vs. Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Ankle Sprains [AFP Journal Club]

Are NSAIDs better than acetaminophen for ankle sprains? Extended-release acetaminophen provides equivalent analgesia and return to activity as an NSAID in patients with mild to moderate ankle sprains. All NSAIDs have equivalent analgesic effect.


Oct 1, 2007 Issue
Radiologic Evaluation of Chronic Foot Pain [Article]

Chronic foot pain is a common and often disabling clinical complaint that can interfere with a patient's routine activities. Despite careful and detailed clinical history and physical examination, providing an accurate diagnosis is often difficult because chronic foot pain has a broad spectrum of po...


Sep 15, 2007 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Metatarsal Fractures [Article]

Patients with metatarsal fractures often present to primary care settings. Initial evaluation should focus on identifying any conditions that require emergent referral, such as neurovascular compromise and open fractures. The fracture should then be characterized and treatment initiated. Referral is...


Nov 15, 2006 Issue
Acute Ankle Sprain: An Update [Article]

Acute ankle injury, a common musculoskeletal injury, can cause ankle sprains. Some evidence suggests that previous injuries or limited joint flexibility may contribute to ankle sprains. The initial assessment of an acute ankle injury should include questions about the timing and mechanism of the inj...


Dec 1, 2005 Issue
Plantar Fasciitis: Evidence-Based Review of Diagnosis and Therapy [Article]

Plantar fasciitis causes heel pain in active as well as sedentary adults of all ages. The condition is more likely to occur in persons who are obese or in those who are on their feet most of the day. A diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is based on the patient's history and physical findings. The accura...


Oct 15, 2004 Issue
Evaluating the Patient with an Ankle or Foot Injury [Point-of-Care Guides]

The Ottawa Ankle and Foot Rules are validated clinical decision rules. The process by which the Ottawa rules were developed and validated serves as a model for researchers in developing decision support tools for other clinical problems.


Jul 15, 2004 Issue
Diagnosing Heel Pain in Adults [Article]

Heel pain is a common condition in adults that may cause significant discomfort and disability. A variety of soft tissue, osseous, and systemic disorders can cause heel pain. Narrowing the differential diagnosis begins with a history and physical examination of the lower extremity to pinpoint the an...


Dec 15, 2003 Issue
Evaluation and Management of Toe Fractures [Article]

Fractures of the toe are one of the most common lower extremity fractures diagnosed by family physicians. Toe fractures most frequently are caused by a crushing injury or axial force such as stubbing a toe. Joint hyperextension and stress fractures are less common. Most patients have point tendernes...


Oct 15, 2003 Issue
Common Stress Fractures [Article]

Lower extremity stress fractures are common injuries most often associated with participation in sports involving running, jumping, or repetitive stress. The initial diagnosis can be made by identifying localized bone pain that increases with weight bearing or repetitive use. Plain film radiographs ...


Oct 1, 2003 Issue
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Ankle and Foot [Article]

Joint and soft tissue injection of the ankle and foot region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. This article reviews the injection procedure for the plantar fascia, ankle joint, tarsal tunnel, interdigital space, and first metatarsophalangeal joint. Indications for...


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