ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Foot and Ankle Disorders

Nov 1, 2002 Issue
Diabetic Foot Ulcers: Pathogenesis and Management [Article]

Foot ulcers are a significant complication of diabetes mellitus and often precede lower-extremity amputation. The most frequent underlying etiologies are neuropathy, trauma, deformity, high plantar pressures, and peripheral arterial disease. Thorough and systematic evaluation and categorization of f...


Sep 1, 2002 Issue
Foot Fractures That Are Frequently Misdiagnosed As Ankle Sprains [Article]

Most ankle injuries are straightforward ligamentous injuries. However, the clinical presentation of subtle fractures can be similar to that of ankle sprains, and these fractures are frequently missed on initial examination. Fractures of the talar dome may be medial or lateral, and they are usually t...


Jun 15, 2002 Issue
Ingrown Toenail Removal [Article]

Ingrown toenail is a common problem resulting from various etiologies including improperly trimmed nails, hyperhidrosis, and poorly fitting shoes. Patients commonly present with pain in the affected nail but with progression, drainage, infection, and difficulty walking occur. Excision of the lateral...


Jun 1, 2002 Issue
Corns and Calluses Resulting from Mechanical Hyperkeratosis [Article]

The formation of corns and calluses can be caused by mechanical stresses from faulty footgear (the wearing of poorly fitting shoes), abnormal foot mechanics (deformity of the foot exerting abnormal pressure), and high levels of activity. Corns and calluses result from hyperkeratosis, a normal physio...


Apr 15, 2002 Issue
American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons: Diagnosis and Treatment of Heel Pain [Practice Guidelines]

The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) has developed a guideline on heel pain. The guideline contains pathways (algorithms) for the treatment of heel pain based on underlying cause.


Nov 1, 2001 Issue
Charcot Foot: The Diagnostic Dilemma [Article]

Primary care physicians involved in the management of patients with diabetes are likely to encounter the diagnostic and treatment challenges of pedal neuropathic joint disease, also known as Charcot foot. The acute Charcot foot is characterized by erythema, edema and elevated temperature of the foot...


Sep 1, 2001 Issue
Over-the-Counter Foot Remedies [Article]

Several effective and inexpensive over-the-counter treatments are available for minor but troubling foot problems. In most cases, one week of therapy with topical terbinafine is effective for interdigital tinea pedis. Treatment of plantar warts with 17 percent salicylic acid with lactic acid in a co...


Feb 1, 2001 Issue
Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis [Article]

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain in adults. The disorder classically presents with pain that is particularly severe with the first few steps taken in the morning. In general, plantar fasciitis is a self-limited condition. However, symptoms usually resolve more quickly when the interv...


Jan 1, 2001 Issue
Management of Ankle Sprains [Article]

Without adequate care, acute ankle trauma can result in chronic joint instability. Use of a standardized protocol enhances the management of ankle sprains. In patients with grades I or II sprains, emphasis should be placed on accurate diagnosis, early use of RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevatio...


May 1, 1999 Issue
Fractures of the Proximal Fifth Metatarsal [Article]

Fractures of the proximal portion of the fifth metatarsal may be classified as avulsions of the tuberosity or fractures of the shaft within 1.5 cm of the tuberosity. Tuberosity avulsion fractures cause pain and tenderness at the base of the fifth metatarsal and follow forced inversion during plantar...


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