Jun 1, 2012 Issue
Gastroenteritis in Children: Part I. Diagnosis [Article]

Acute gastroenteritis in children is a major cause of morbidity in the United States. Viral infections, primarily from rotavirus, cause 75 to 90 percent of cases. The remaining infections are largely bacterial, with as many as 10 percent of cases secondary to diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. The hist...

Jun 1, 2012 Issue
Gastroenteritis in Children: Part II. Prevention and Management [Article]

The treatment of gastroenteritis in children focuses on preventing dehydration. A child with minimal or no dehydration should be encouraged to continue his or her usual diet plus drink adequate fluids. Many studies have shown that a child’s regular diet reduces the duration of diarrhea. Oral rehy...

Oct 1, 2009 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Dehydration in Children [Article]

The most useful individual signs for identifying dehydration in children are prolonged capillary refill time, abnormal skin turgor, and abnormal respiratory pattern. However, clinical dehydration scales based on a combination of physical examination findings are better predictors than individual sig...

Feb 1, 2008 Issue
Gastroenteritis in Children [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatments for acute gastroenteritis?

Jul 1, 2007 Issue
Evaluation of Nausea and Vomiting [Article]

A comprehensive history and physical examination can often reveal the cause of nausea and vomiting, making further evaluation unnecessary. Acute symptoms generally are the result of infectious, inflammatory, or iatrogenic causes. Most infections are self-limiting and require minimal intervention; ia...

Sep 15, 2006 Issue
Rotavirus Vaccine, Live, Oral, Pentavalent (Rotateq) for Prevention of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis [STEPS]

Although costly, rotavirus pentavalent vaccine has been shown to be safe, with no increased risk of intussusception. It also has shown to reduce the need for hospitalization and emergency department visits connected with rotavirus gastroenteritis, decrease office visits associated with rotavirus, and reduce lost work days for parents or guardians.

Nov 15, 2004 Issue
Norovirus Gastroenteritis Outbreak at a Swimming Club [Practice Guidelines]

Sep 1, 2004 Issue
CDC Issues Recommendations for Diagnosing, Managing, and Reporting Foodborne Illnesses [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued new recommendations for diagnosing, managing, and reporting foodborne illnesses, in collaboration with the American Medical Association (AMA), American Nurses Association-American Nurse Foundation (ANA-ANF), the U.S. Food and Drug Admin...

Mar 1, 2004 Issue
Practical Selection of Antiemetics [Article]

An understanding of the pathophysiology of nausea and the mechanisms of antiemetics can help family physicians improve the cost-effectiveness and efficacy of therapy. Nausea and vomiting are mediated primarily by visceral stimulation through dopamine and serotonin, by vestibular and central nervous ...

Dec 01, 1999 Issue
Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children [Article]

Acute gastroenteritis is a common and costly clinical problem in children. It is a largely self-limited disease with many etiologies. The evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis requires a careful history and a complete physical examination to uncover other illnesses with similar presenta...

Pages: Previous 1 2 3 Next

Email Alerts

Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents.

Sign Up Now