Growth and Development

Nov 15, 2019 Issue
Specific Learning Disabilities: The Family Physician's Role [Article]

Academic underachievement, such as failing a class and the threat of grade retention, is common in school-aged children. Family physicians can support children and families by understanding the connection between risk factors, medical and educational evaluations, and educational resources.

Oct 15, 2019 Issue
Toilet Training: Common Questions and Answers [Article]

Most U.S. children achieve the physiologic, cognitive, and emotional development necessary for toilet training by 18 to 30 months of age. Find out what signs to look for that indicate a child is ready to begin toilet training, and how and when to begin anticipatory guidance for parents.

Apr 15, 2019 Issue
Child Passenger Safety: AAP Updates Best Practice Recommendations [Practice Guidelines]

There has been an increase in scientific evidence supporting the use of child safety and booster seats. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated best practice recommendations on child passenger safety based on this evidence.

Nov 1, 2017 Issue
Disorders of Puberty: An Approach to Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Abnormal pubertal timing can adversely affect a child’s physical and psychosocial well-being, and may be benign or a result of a pathologic etiology. A history, physical examination, and appropriate laboratory testing should be performed to help determine whether surveillance over time is appropriate, or whether a treatable underlying pathology may be present.

Aug 15, 2016 Issue
Failure to Thrive: A Practical Guide [Article]

Failure to thrive is confirmed using valid growth measurements over time and often successfully treated in the outpatient setting with proper nutrition and family support.

Nov 15, 2015 Issue
Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Five Years and Younger [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A two-year-old girl presents to your office for a routine well-child visit. She has had one ear infection in the past year but is otherwise healthy. Her mother has no specific concerns about her speech and language development. There is no family history of congenital disorders or developmental dela...

Aug 15, 2015 Issue
Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Aged 5 Years or Younger: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger.

Jul 1, 2015 Issue
Growth Hormone for Treatment of Idiopathic Short Stature in Children [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Jul 1, 2015 Issue
Evaluation of Short and Tall Stature in Children [Article]

Most children with short or tall stature have a normal variant of growth. Height more than three standard deviations from the mean increases the chance of a pathologic cause. Learn the features of the varying causes of short and tall stature.

Jan 1, 2015 Issue
Zinc Supplementation in Children Six Months to 12 Years of Age [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Preventive zinc supplementation for children in low- and middle-income countries appears to reduce rates of diarrhea and may slightly reduce rates of growth failure.

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