ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Health Maintenance and Counseling
Mobile phone–based interventions improve adherence to cardiovascular medication regimens and may improve blood pressure control, but there is no patient-oriented evidence that these interventions are beneficial.
Dec 01, 2021 Issue
Family Physicians Continue to Offer the Most Comprehensive Care [Graham Center Policy One-Pagers]
Comprehensiveness of care is one of the cardinal attributes of high-performing primary care. Evidence has shown that more comprehensive care, as measured by the number of services offered, is associated with lower costs and a reduction in hospitalizations. Comprehensiveness of care may be defined as...
The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services published updated guidelines for healthy eating across a person's lifespan.
Approximately 19 million students attend college in the United States. Although they are generally healthy, about 20% of youth have special health care needs, including asthma, diabetes mellitus, and learning, mental health, and substance use disorders. Physicians can facilitate the transition of a ...
The preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is a common primary care medical visit for young athletes. In 2019, the American Academy of Pediatrics published updated PPE recommendations. The general goals outlined in these guidelines include determining general physical and psychological health; evaluating for life-threatening or disabling conditions; and serving as an entry point into the health care system for those without a medical home or primary care physician. Consideration should be taken to address the needs and concerns of athletes who are transgender and athletes with physical and intellectual disabilities.
This article focuses on screening and counseling for health conditions that are more prevalent in, or have a unique impact on, women, transgender men, and nonbinary individuals of reproductive age. To have the greatest impact on health, physicians should focus on U.S. Preventive Services Task Force grade A and B recommendations with patients.
The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American College of Endocrinology developed a summary of known risks of using off-label hormone treatments.
Physicians have a pivotal role in preventing unintentional injuries in children. There are many evidence-based strategies that are proven to reduce morbidity and mortality from motor vehicle crashes, suffocation, strangulation, drowning, poisoning, fires, guns, falls, bicycling, and skateboarding.
Family physicians should proactively provide a patient-centered approach to sexual health that includes disease identification and treatment. Physicians and staff should be trained in identifying individual implicit bias around sexuality and adverse childhood experiences. Preventive health strategies include screening for sexually transmitted infections and diseases and offering counseling for preconception care for all patients, including gender-diverse patients.
Healthy development in adolescents occurs when risk factors are limited and when protective factors are fostered; this is encouraged when adolescents feel valued, empowered, and form healthy social connections. Threats typically result from experimentation and psychosocial stressors. Clinicians should regularly offer confidential screening and counseling because adolescents are more likely to access health care and to share sensitive information when confidentiality is assured.