Hearing Disorders

Jan 1, 2021 Issue
Making Recommendations to Reduce Noise Exposure [Curbside Consultation]

A 23-year-old patient, M.P., presents to your office with upper respiratory symptoms. When you enter the room, M.P. is using earbuds to listen to music on a personal listening device. The volume is loud enough for you to hear the music but not distinguish details. After addressing the patient's symptoms, you ask about M.P.'s listening habits.

Jul 15, 2019 Issue
Hearing Loss in Adults: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment [Article]

Several approaches can be used to screen for hearing loss, but the benefits of screening are uncertain. Patients with suspected hearing loss should undergo in-office hearing tests and examination for cerumen impaction, exostoses, and other abnormalities of the external canal and tympanic membrane, in addition to a neurologic examination.

Jul 1, 2015 Issue
AAO-HNSF Releases Guideline on Managing Tinnitus [Practice Guidelines]

Tinnitus, the perception of sound without an external source, can be caused by a variety of conditions. Prevalence in the United States is approximately 10% to 15%. It can be categorized as primary (idiopathic and accompanied by or not by sensorineural hearing loss) and secondary (caused by a specif...

Mar 1, 2013 Issue
AAO-HNS Releases Guideline on Sudden Hearing Loss [Practice Guidelines]

This guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) focuses on sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), which affects 5 to 20 per 100,000 persons in the United States. Early diagnosis is essential for effective management.

Jan 15, 2013 Issue
Screening for Hearing Loss in Older Adults: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for hearing loss in asymptomatic adults 50 years or older.

Jan 1, 2013 Issue
Audiometry Screening and Interpretation [Article]

The prevalence of hearing loss varies with age, affecting at least 25 percent of patients older than 50 years and more than 50 percent of those older than 80 years. Adolescents and young adults represent groups in which the prevalence of hearing loss is increasing and may therefore benefit from scre...

Jun 15, 2012 Issue
Hearing Loss in Older Adults [Article]

Hearing loss affects approximately one-third of adults 61 to 70 years of age and more than 80 percent of those older than 85 years. Men usually experience greater hearing loss and have earlier onset compared with women. The most common type is age-related hearing loss; however, many conditions can i...

Sep 15, 2003 Issue
Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Hearing Loss [Article]

Hearing loss is a common problem that can occur at any age and makes verbal communication difficult. The ear is divided anatomically into three sections (external, middle, and inner), and pathology contributing to hearing loss may strike one or more sections. Hearing loss can be categorized as condu...

Jun 1, 2003 Issue
AAP Issues Screening Recommendations to Identify Hearing Loss in Children [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released screening recommendations for assessing hearing loss in children of all ages. Failure to detect children with congenital or acquired hearing loss may result in lifelong deficits in speech and language acquisition, poor academic performance, perso...

May 1, 2000 Issue
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss [Article]

Hearing loss caused by exposure to recreational and occupational noise results in devastating disability that is virtually 100 percent preventable. Noise-induced hearing loss is the second most common form of sensorineural hearing deficit, after presbycusis (age-related hearing loss). Shearing force...

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