ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Hepatitis A is a common viral illness worldwide, although the incidence in the United States has diminished in recent years as a result of extended immunization practices. Hepatitis A virus is transmitted through fecal-oral contamination, and there are occasional outbreaks through food sources. Youn...
Family physicians encounter diagnostic and treatment issues when caring for pregnant women with hepatitis B or C and their newborns. When hepatitis B virus is perinatally acquired, an infant has approximately a 90 percent chance of becoming a chronic carrier and, when chronically infected, has a 15 ...
Hepatitis C, a common chronic bloodborne infection, is found in approximately 2 percent of adults in the United States. Chronic infection is associated with serious morbidity and mortality (e.g., cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma). Testing for hepatitis C is recommended for at-risk populations, ...
Although an estimated 1 million persons in the United States are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus, the prevalence of hepatitis B has declined since the implementation of a national vaccination program. Hepatitis B virus is transmitted in blood and secretions. Acute infection may cause non...
Oct 15, 2009 Issue
NIH Consensus Statement on Management of Hepatitis B [Practice Guidelines]
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Panel has produced a report on the management of hepatitis B virus (HBV) created by independent panels of health professionals and public representatives using a systematic literature review.
Updated recommendations from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) include the preferred diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive approaches to chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.
What are the effects of interventions in treatment-naive persons with chronic infection but without liver decompensation? What are the effects of interventions to treat persons with chronic infection, but without liver decompensation, who have not responded to or relapse after interferon treatment? ...
Apr 1, 2008 Issue
FDA Approves Alternative Dosing Schedule for Combined Hepatitis Vaccine [Practice Guidelines]
In April 2007, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an alternative schedule for the combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine Twinrix (GlaxoSmithKline).
Aug 15, 2007 Issue
ACIP Releases Recommendations for Hepatitis B Vaccine Use in Adults [Practice Guidelines]
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released recommendations for hepatitis B vaccine use in adults. The most effective way to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is administration of the hepatitis B vaccine.
Jan 1, 2007 Issue
Hepatitis B Vaccine for Infants of HBsAg-Positive Mothers [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Hepatitis B vaccine, hepatis B immune globulin, and the combination of both reduce the risk of transmission of hepatitis B virus from mother to newborn, especially in newborns of mothers positive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg). The combination of vaccine and immune globulin is more effective than vaccine alone.