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Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can range from a mild abnormality to dislocation. In infants and young children, it is asymptomatic; therefore, screening is required to diagnose it in otherwise healthy children.
Learn which children should be evaluated with radiography, who should be referred to an orthopedic surgeon, when to prescribe prophylactic treatment for the contalateral hip, and which treatments are indicated based on the stability of the physis.
A limp is a deviation from a normal age-appropriate gait pattern and can be caused by pain, weakness, or deformity as a result of a wide variety of conditions. Learn how to differentiate these conditions based on history and physical examination findings, and possibly further testing.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance, based on limited and moderate evidence, on diagnosing and nonsurgical treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants up to six months of age.
Learn the most significant risk factors, the preferred diagnostic test, and recommended management strategies. Review the roles of rehabilitation and bisphosphonate therapy.
Hip pain is a common and disabling condition that affects patients of all ages. The differential diagnosis of hip pain is broad, presenting a diagnostic challenge. Patients often express that their hip pain is localized to one of three anatomic regions: the anterior hip and groin, the posterior hip ...
Aspirin is as effective as dalteparin for extended thromboprophylaxis in patients who had total hip arthroplasty and had initially received 10 days of dalteparin prophylaxis postoperatively. Because of its relative safety, low cost, and easy administration, aspirin is an attractive alternative to lo...
Jan 1, 2013 Issue
Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Newborns [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Although screening increases the proportion of newborns who are treated for DDH, there is insufficient evidence that targeted or universal ultrasound screening improves long-term orthopedic outcomes.
The evaluation of hip pain in patients 65 years and older should include a history and physical examination, followed by pertinent imaging studies.
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is the most common hip disorder in adolescents, and it has a prevalence of 10.8 cases per 100,000 children. It usually occurs in children eight to 15 years of age, and it is one of the most commonly missed diagnoses in children. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is ...