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Antiretroviral therapy is the key to preventing and managing human immunodeficiency virus infection. Based on the availability of new medications and treatment options, the USA Panel of the International Antiviral Society has updated its 2016 recommendations.
Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop complications related directly to the infection, as well as to its treatment. Get updates on key cardiovascular, neurologic, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, and metabolic complications of HIV infection, as well as antiviral-associated complications.
A 47-year-old man presented with general fatigue, chills, dyspnea, dry cough, and occasional subjective fever. Chest radiography demonstrated diffuse hazy opacities.
The benefits are greater than the harm in using tenofovir for HIV prevention, but cost-effectiveness and personal preferences are critical.
The major challenge is not to address whether primary care clinicians without substantial HIV experience should provide HIV care, but to create a framework that allows all primary care clinicians to provide the best possible care for their patients living with HIV infection.
Learn when and how to initiate antiretroviral therapy, including which laboratory tests to order, which immunizations should be given, and how to initiate and choose an antiretroviral regimen.
A man with HIV presented with fever and widespread, severely painful, pruritic vesicles and pustules.
Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with anti-retroviral drugs to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following sexual or injection drug use exposures (nonoccupational PEP or nPEP) is an essential intervention requiring a timely response. Updated guidelines from the Centers for Dis...
Preexposure prophylaxis in high-risk men who have unprotected anal intercourse reduces the likelihood of developing HIV (number needed to treat = 17 per year). Participants averaged 15 pills per month, which costs approximately $700 per month ($8,400 per year). Condoms would be a much more cost-effe...
With the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become a chronic disease that can be managed, rather than a deadly infection. The International Antiviral Society—USA Panel has provided recommendations regarding these approaches that, when app...