Jan 15, 2000 Issue
1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with HIV: Part II. Prevention of the First Episode of Disease [Article]

Jan 1, 2000 Issue
1999 USPHS/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with HIV: Part I. Prevention of Exposure [Article]

Sep 1, 1999 Issue
Evaluation and Treatment of Weight Loss in Adults with HIV Disease [Article]

Weight loss late in the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is common and often multifactorial. Increased energy expenditure in response to opportunistic disease, as well as to HIV infection itself, can lead to protein-calorie malnutrition similar to that observed in starvation. Wei...

Aug 01, 1999 Issue
How to Recognize and Treat Acute HIV Syndrome [Article]

The diagnosis of acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) syndrome requires a high index of suspicion and proper laboratory testing. Patients with the syndrome may have fever, fatigue, rash, pharyngitis or other symptoms. Primary HIV infection should be considered in any patient with possible HIV ex...

Jun 1, 1999 Issue
An HIV-Positive Patient Who Avoids Treatment [Curbside Consultation]

It is always frustrating when patients withhold important medical information or are not trusting or honest with their physicians. In these situations, it is helpful to first look at the possible reasons for the lack of forthrightness.

Dec 01, 1998 Issue
An AIDS Patient's Right to Refuse Life-Sustaining Treatment [Curbside Consultation]

Both competent and incompetent patients have a legally protected right of autonomy. This right of autonomy includes the right to forgo medical treatment.

Jun 1, 1998 Issue
Combination Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection [Article]

The primary goal of antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is suppression of viral replication. Evidence indicates that the optimal way to achieve this goal is by initiating combination therapy with two or more antiretroviral agents. The agents now licensed in the Un...

Apr 15, 1998 Issue
Head and Neck Manifestations of AIDS in Adults [Article]

Head and neck manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are among the most common complications of this disease. Some of these manifestations are the initial signs of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and others are associated with full-blown AIDS. Otologic manifestatio...

Jan 15, 1998 Issue
Understanding the Guidelines for Treating HIV Disease [Article]

In 1996 a panel of experts convened by the International AIDS Society-USA issued new guidelines for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which have recently been updated. Quantitative plasma HIV-1 RNA concentration (viral load) and CD4+ lymphocyte levels are used to monitor disease...

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