ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.
Mar 15, 2019 Issue
Coaching Patients About Successful Blood Pressure Management [Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse]
A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering heath care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.
Despite the increasing prevalence and potential risks of hypertension in children, the diagnosis is often overlooked. Blood pressure should be measured annually beginning at three years of age, or at every visit if risk factors are present. Elevated blood pressure and hypertension in children is initially treated with lifestyle changes, although antihypertensives may be needed in some children.
Sep 1, 2018 Issue
Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Achieving a target BP of 135/85 mm Hg or less does not decrease the risk of total cardiovascular events vs. treating to a target of 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. Further, treating to the lower BP target does not improve total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or serious adverse effects.
Beginning antihypertensive treatment when the systolic blood pressure is greater than 140 mm Hg delays death and prevents major cardiovascular events in some persons without preexisting heart disease; in patients with existing heart disease, it prevents further events, but does not extend life.
The latest installment of the top 20 research studies for primary care physicians includes studies on cardiovascular disease and hypertension, infections, diabetes mellitus, musculoskeletal problems, and cancer screening, among other topics. The five highest-rated practice guidelines are also summarized.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) previously published guidance on screening for and managing high blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents in 2004. An updated guideline was released by the AAP to address increased interest in childhood hypertension (HTN) and an updated search of the literature on the topic.
Mar 15, 2018 Issue
High Blood Pressure: ACC/AHA Releases Updated Guideline [Practice Guidelines]
The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated their guideline on the prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high BP in adults. The ACC/AHA recommendations were based on a systematic review that addressed four questions regarding BP monitoring and treatment for hypertension.
Choosing a threshold and target for treatment should be based on the science supporting CVD risk reduction, while considering the benefits and harms in individual patient circumstances and respecting patient choice.
Feb 1, 2018 Issue
Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension [Medicine by the Numbers]
Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior when compared with other medications.