ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
A 55-year-old black man presents for a blood pressure evaluation. He is trying to be more physically active and health conscious but has not seen a physician for five years. He takes no medications, has no concerns, and his physical examination findings are unremarkable. According to the blood press...
In this group of older patients (mean age = 68 years) who do not have diabetes but are at high risk of cardiovascular disease, a more aggressive systolic BP target of 120 mm Hg instead of 140 mm Hg led to benefits (lower all-cause mortality, lower cardiovascular mortality, less heart failure), but a...
Feb 15, 2016 Issue
Screening for High Blood Pressure in Adults: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF recommends screening for high blood pressure in adults aged 18 years or older.
Learn how to tell if elevated blood pressure during pregnancy is chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia; how to manage each of these conditions; and when labor should be induced.
Treating mild hypertension over five years decreases the risk of stroke, cardiovascular (CV) death, and overall mortality in a small proportion of patients.
Dec 1, 2015 Issue
Chlorthalidone vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]
Chlorthalidone produces slightly greater reductions in blood pressure compared with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), but it is associated with greater declines in serum potassium levels. Chlorthalidone lowers the risk of cardiovascular events about 18% more than HCTZ at the same achieved blood pressure.
Dec 1, 2015 Issue
AHA/ACC/ASH Release Guideline on the Treatment of Hypertension and CAD [Practice Guidelines]
The American Heart Association (AHA), American College of Cardiology (ACC), and American Society of Hypertension (ASH) have released a guideline on the management of hypertension in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). It updates a previous AHA guideline to reflect newer data.
Oct 1, 2015 Issue
Calcium Supplementation for Preventing Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy [Cochrane for Clinicians]
High-dose calcium supplementation (i.e., at least 1,000 mg per day) during pregnancy reduces the risk of developing hypertension and preeclampsia. The most significant risk reduction occurs in women at risk of hypertensive disorders and those with low-calcium diets.
Diet, exercise, weight loss, smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, dietary supplements, relaxation techniques, and self-monitoring of blood pressure: which ones are effective long-term at reducing blood pressure?
ACE inhibitors and ARBs have similar effects on cardiovascular outcomes and total mortality in head-to-head trials. However, slightly more adverse effects were noted in patients assigned to ACE inhibitor therapy.