ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Oct 1, 2015 Issue
Calcium Supplementation for Preventing Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy [Cochrane for Clinicians]
High-dose calcium supplementation (i.e., at least 1,000 mg per day) during pregnancy reduces the risk of developing hypertension and preeclampsia. The most significant risk reduction occurs in women at risk of hypertensive disorders and those with low-calcium diets.
Diet, exercise, weight loss, smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, dietary supplements, relaxation techniques, and self-monitoring of blood pressure: which ones are effective long-term at reducing blood pressure?
ACE inhibitors and ARBs have similar effects on cardiovascular outcomes and total mortality in head-to-head trials. However, slightly more adverse effects were noted in patients assigned to ACE inhibitor therapy.
Mar 1, 2015 Issue
Low-Dose Aspirin Use for the Prevention of Morbidity and Mortality from Preeclampsia: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of low-dose aspirin (81 mg per day) as preventive medication after 12 weeks of gestation in women who are at high risk of preeclampsia.
Feb 15, 2015 Issue
Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or adulthood.
Feb 15, 2015 Issue
Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents [Putting Prevention into Practice]
L.S. is a 14-year-old black adolescent who presents for a routine school physical examination. Her mother tells you that she and her husband have hypertension, and they worry about their daughter's blood pressure. She asks you whether L.S. should be periodically checked for high blood pressure.
Feb 1, 2015 Issue
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
ACE inhibitors should be used in patients with hypertension because they reduce all-cause mortality, whereas ARBs do not.
Find out what the JNC 8 recommendations changed regarding whom to treat, goal blood pressures, nonpharmacologic treatment, and preferred drug classes for different patient populations.
Oct 1, 2014 Issue
JNC8 Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in Adults [Practice Guidelines]
Hypertension is one of the most important preventable contributors to disease and death in the United States, leading to myocardial infarction, stroke, and renal failure when it is not detected early and treated appropriately. The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) recently released evidence-ba...
The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) recently issued the most anticipated hypertension guideline in some time. The most significant change in the JNC 8 guideline is relaxation of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals for adults 60 years and older. As a result of the new guidelines, ...