ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Jul 1, 2006 Issue
Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the only antihypertensive agents with proven effectiveness for the primary prevention of diabetic nephropathy (defined as an albumin excretion of less than 30 mg per day on three serial measurements) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes. However, ACE...
The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends lifestyle modification for all patients with hypertension or prehypertension. Modifications include reducing dietary sodium to less than 2.4 g per day; increasing ...
The development of a national database on normative blood pressure levels throughout childhood has contributed to the recognition of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents. The epidemic of childhood obesity, the risk of developing left ventricular hypertrophy, and evidence of the early ...
Oct 1, 2005 Issue
New AHA Recommendations for Blood Pressure Measurement [Practice Guidelines]
The American Heart Association (AHA) has published a new set of recommendations for the measurement of blood pressure to increase accuracy of clinic readings, and in recognition of major changes over the past 10 years (including the prohibition of mercury in many countries).
Olmesartan is a safe and effective antihypertensive agent. There is no evidence that olmesartan is more effective than other ARBs or ACE inhibitors. The longest peer-reviewed studies of olmesartan are of two months’ duration; thus, there is no evidence showing olmesartan’s long-term benefit for cardiovascular or all-cause mortality.
The most effective strategy to improve patient compliance with antihypertensive medication is to simplify the dosing regimen. There is more limited evidence to support a variety of motivational strategies. Patient education alone is ineffective.
May 15, 2005 Issue
Improving the Quality of Care for Patients with Hypertension [Practice Guidelines]
The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents has issued its Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents.
Mar 1, 2005 Issue
Antiplatelet Therapy and Anticoagulation in Patients with Hypertension [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Antiplatelet agents should not be used in patients with hypertension and no previous history of heart attack or stroke. However, these agents are recommended for use in hypertensive patients who already have vascular disease. Anticoagulants should not be used for prevention of vascular events, alone...
Antihypertensive therapy has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in older patients with elevated systolic or diastolic blood pressures. This benefit appears to persist in patients older than 80 years, but less than one third of older patients have adequate blood pressure control. Systolic b...