ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Infectious Disease, Bacterial
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Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a condition in which a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but does not currently have active tuberculosis disease. An estimated 10 to 15 million persons in the United States have LTBI. Because 5 to 10 percent of persons with LTBI are at risk o...
Tinidazole is generally an expensive alternative to metronidazole for the treatment of trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis. It offers little, if any, advantage with regard to safety, tolerability, and effectiveness; however, its once-daily dosing and shorter course of therapy may be useful for some patients.
Approximately one third of the world's population, including more than 11 million persons in the United States, is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although most cases of tuberculosis in the United States occur in foreign-born persons from endemic countries, the prevalence is gener...
Jul 1, 2008 Issue
CDC Reports on Antimicrobial-Resistant S. Pneumoniae [Practice Guidelines]
Treatment of invasive pneumococcal disease caused by infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is complicated by antimicrobial resistance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analyzed surveillance data of invasive pneumococcal disease and examined the clinical character...
Sep 15, 2007 Issue
CDC Reports on MRSA Infections Among Patients on Dialysis [Practice Guidelines]
Patients on dialysis are particularly susceptible to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that patients on dialysis who have invasive devices or a catheter also are at increased risk.
Vibrio vulnificus infection is the leading cause of death related to seafood consumption in the United States. This virulent, gram-negative bacterium causes two distinct syndromes. The first is an overwhelming primary septicemia caused by consuming raw or undercooked seafood, particularly raw oyster...
Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Predicting the Likelihood of Bacterial Meningitis in Children [Point-of-Care Guides]
Although the incidence of bacterial meningitis has dropped with increased immunization against Haemophilus influenzae, meningitis remains a devastating illness. For every child with meningeal signs and symptoms who is diagnosed with bacterial meningitis after lumbar puncture, many more undergo the procedure to rule out the disease.
Bordetella pertussis is a highly contagious bacterium known to cause pertussis (whooping cough) and is transmitted via airborne droplets. Although childhood vaccination has dramatically reduced reported pertussis cases, the incidence of the disease has increased over the past 20 years, most notably ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released guidelines on antimicrobial agents for the treatment and postexposure prophylaxis of pertussis.