Infectious Disease, Bacterial

Dec 15, 2012 Issue
Chlamydia Trachomatis Infections: Screening, Diagnosis, and Management [Article]

Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative bacterium that infects the columnar epithelium of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, as well as nongenital sites such as the lungs and eyes. The bacterium is the cause of the most frequently reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States, which is r...

Nov 15, 2012 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Gonococcal Infections [Article]

Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes urogenital, anorectal, conjunctival, and pharyngeal infections. Urogenital tract infections are most common. Men with gonorrhea may present with penile discharge and dysuria, whereas women may present with mucopurulent discharge or pelvic pain; however, women often are a...

Aug 15, 2012 Issue
CDC Recommends New Treatment Regimen for Latent Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection [Practice Guidelines]

Tuberculosis is a contagious and potentially fatal disease transmitted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued recommendations for the treatment of latent M. tuberculosis infection. The new regimen consists of isoniazid and rifapentine (Priftin)...

Jun 1, 2012 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Lyme Disease [Article]

Lyme disease, caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, is the most common tick-borne illness in the United States. Transmission occurs primarily through the bite of an infected deer tick (Ixodes scapularis). Identification of an erythema migrans rash following a tick bite is the only clinical m...

Aug 15, 2011 Issue
IDSA Guidelines on the Treatment of MRSA Infections in Adults and Children [Practice Guidelines]

The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the United States continues to increase, with more than 94,000 cases of invasive disease reported in 2005. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has released its first evidence-based guidelines on the treatment of MRSA infections.

Jul 15, 2011 Issue
Usefulness of Procalcitonin Measurement in Reducing Antibiotic Use and Identifying Serious Bacterial Illness [AFP Journal Club]

Measurement of procalcitonin is being pushed as a way to determine the presence or absence of bacterial infection and, therefore, as a way to reduce antibiotic use. But, how well does it work in the patients family physicians see? Why are the results of this study not as convincingly positive as the results of other studies?

May 1, 2011 Issue
CDC Updates Guidelines for the Prevention of Perinatal GBS Disease [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcus (GBS) disease in 1996; the guidelines were updated in 2002 and again in 2010. The most recent guidelines elaborate on laboratory methods and thresholds for GBS identificati...

Mar 1, 2011 Issue
Ulcer on Lower Lip of Deployed Serviceman [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Dec 15, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis, Initial Management, and Prevention of Meningitis [Article]

Although the annual incidence of bacterial meningitis in the United States is declining, it remains a medical emer- gency with a potential for high morbidity and mortality. Clinical signs and symptoms are unreliable in distinguishing bacterial meningitis from the more common forms of aseptic meningi...

Apr 1, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Urethritis in Men [Article]

Symptoms of urethritis in men typically include urethral discharge, penile itching or tingling, and dysuria. A diagnosis can be made if at least one of the following is present: discharge, a positive result on a leukocyte esterase test in firstvoid urine, or at least 10 white blood cells per high-...

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