ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Infectious Disease, Viral
Vector-borne diseases are an emerging concern in North America. West Nile virus, dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus are of particular importance because of their potential to become a significant public health threat. Learn the characteristics of vector-borne diseases and treatment options.
Appropriate antibiotic prescribing is a quality-of-care issue; all clinicians have the responsibility to provide the right treatments to their patients while minimizing harm. Effective communication, public commitments, and delayed antibiotic prescriptions are evidence-based tools family physicians can use.
The reasons for antibiotic overprescribing are multifactorial, so efforts to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing should combine shared decision making, incentives, quality-control measures, and similar interventions designed to improve clinical practice.
Based on limited evidence on the persistence of Zika virus RNA in blood and semen, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its interim guidance on caring for reproductive-aged women who may have been exposed to the virus, including those who do not live in areas with active transmission.
A woman presented with a nonpruritic rash on her extremities, including palms and soles, and around her lips. The rash developed after symptoms of fever, sore throat, and headache.
Family physicians have an opportunity to significantly reduce rates of cervical and oropharyngeal cancers with a safe and effective HPV vaccine. We should listen and address parental concerns, but also strongly recommend all childhood immunizations and use every opportunity to administer them.
New guidelines in pneumococcal immunization policy reflect evidence for the expansion of PCV13 to persons older than 65 years and to some high-risk younger adults, and afford the opportunity to improve the health of adults.
Some patients with Epstien-Barr virus infection develop infectious mononucleosis, especially those 15 to 24 years of age. Learn the common symptoms, diagnostic tests, and management strategy for the illness.
A 19-year-old college student presented with erythematous papules and vesicles on an erythematous base that were scattered over his face, scalp, trunk, and upper extremities. The lesions appeared in multiple stages, some with crusting and excoriation.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adolescents and adults 15 to 65 years of age. Younger adolescents and older adults who are at increased risk should also be screened.