Infectious Disease, Viral

Jun 15, 2011 Issue
Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management [Article]

Herpes zoster (shingles) is diagnosed clinically by recognition of the distinctive, painful vesicular rash appearing in a unilateral, dermatomal distribution. An estimated 1 million cases occur in the United States each year, and increasing age is the primary risk factor. Laboratory testing, includi...

Jan 15, 2011 Issue
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children [Article]

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an RNA virus that causes respiratory tract infections in children. In the North- ern Hemisphere, the peak infection season is November through April. By two years of age, most children will have had an RSV infection. Bronchiolitis, a lower respiratory tract infec...

Dec 15, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis, Initial Management, and Prevention of Meningitis [Article]

Although the annual incidence of bacterial meningitis in the United States is declining, it remains a medical emer- gency with a potential for high morbidity and mortality. Clinical signs and symptoms are unreliable in distinguishing bacterial meningitis from the more common forms of aseptic meningi...

Nov 1, 2010 Issue
Nongenital Herpes Simplex Virus [Article]

Nongenital herpes simplex virus type 1 is a common infection usually transmitted during childhood via nonsexual contact. Most of these infections involve the oral mucosa or lips (herpes labialis). The diagnosis of an infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 is usually made by the appearance of the...

Oct 1, 2010 Issue
Acute Onset Vesicular Rash [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Sep 1, 2010 Issue
AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection [Practice Guidelines]

Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called bronchopulmonary dysplasi...

May 1, 2010 Issue
Infant with Vesicular Rash [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Apr 15, 2010 Issue
Warts (Nongenital) [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of treatments for warts (nongenital)?

Feb 15, 2010 Issue
AAP Updates Guidelines on Rotavirus Vaccination [Practice Guidelines]

A live, oral human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine (RV5; Rotateq) was approved in 2006, followed by a live, oral human attenuated rotavirus vaccine (RV1; Rotarix) in 2008. Since the licensure of RV1, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated its guidelines on the routine use of rotavirus vaccine in infants.

Dec 15, 2009 Issue
Sinecatechins (Veregen) for External Genital and Perianal Warts [STEPS]

Sinecatechins offers no clear advantage with regard to safety and tolerability. Indirect comparisons with other treatments suggest that sinecatechins may be more effective, with fewer recurrences of warts following successful treatment, but direct comparisons are lacking.

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