ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Infectious Disease, Viral

Sep 15, 2004 Issue
Telithromycin (Ketek) for Respiratory Tract Infections [STEPS]

Telithromycin is similar to azithromycin and clarithromycin in side effects, dosing, and cost, but with enhanced activity against S. pneumoniae. Although 30 to 40 percent of S. pneumoniae cases are thought to be resistant to penicillin and/or macrolides, additional clinical trials are needed to dete...


Aug 1, 2004 Issue
Antihistamines for the Common Cold [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Antihistamines are of minimal to no benefit as mono-therapy for the common cold, and first-generation antihistamines may increase sedation in patients with a cold. Antihistamine-decongestant combinations reduce nasal symptoms and improve the recovery rate in older children and adults, but these combinations are not effective in younger children.


Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Evaluation of Infants Born to Mothers with West Nile Virus Infection [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released interim guidelines for the evaluation of infants born to mothers with West Nile virus infection. West Nile virus is a single-stranded RNA flavivirus with antigenic similarities to Japanese encephalitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses.


Feb 15, 2004 Issue
AAP Releases Policy Statement on the Prevention of RSV Infections [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on the revised indications for the use of palivizumab and respiratory syncytial virus immune globulin intravenous (RSV-IGIV) for the prevention of RSV infections.


Jan 15, 2004 Issue
Treating Acute Bronchiolitis Associated with RSV [Article]

Treatment for infants with bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) includes supplemental oxygen, nasal suctioning, fluids to prevent dehydration, and other supportive therapies. High-risk children who should be hospitalized include those younger than three months and those with a p...


Aug 15, 2003 Issue
West Nile Virus in the United States: An Update on an Emerging Infectious Disease [Article]

West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and human neuropathogen. Since the virus was recognized in New York City in 1999, it has spread rapidly across the United States, with human disease documented in 39 states and the District of Columbia. West Nile virus can cause a broad range of clinica...


Jul 15, 2003 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Syphilis [Article]

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease with varied and often subtle clinical manifestations. Primary syphilis typically presents as a solitary, painless chancre, whereas secondary syphilis can have a wide variety of symptoms, especially fever, lymphadenopathy, rash, and genital or perineal condy...


Feb 1, 2003 Issue
Cytomegalovirus [Article]

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a prevalent viral pathogen. The majority of persons with acute CMV will experience an inapparent infection. Primary CMV infection will cause up to 7 percent of cases of mononucleosis syndrome and will manifest symptoms almost indistinguishable from those of Epstein-Barr viru...


Nov 1, 2002 Issue
Evaluation and Management of Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus [Article]

Herpes zoster ophthalmicus occurs when the varicella-zoster virus is reactivated in the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus represents up to one fourth of all cases of herpes zoster. Most patients with herpes zoster ophthalmicus present with a periorbital vesicula...


Sep 15, 2002 Issue
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: A Zebra Worth Knowing About [Article]

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe cardiopulmonary illness most often caused by the Sin Nombre virus, which is transmitted to humans by inhalation of aerosolized particles of rodent excreta or direct rodent contact. Although HPS is more common in the western United States, cases have be...


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