Infectious Disease, Viral

Sep 15, 2005 Issue
Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management [Article]

The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is uncertain, but is bein...

Feb 15, 2005 Issue
Treatment of Postherpetic Neuralgia [Practice Guidelines]

Feb 1, 2005 Issue
Delaying Antibiotics for Respiratory Infections [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Delayed prescribing appears to be a reasonable and safe option in patients with cough and in those who do not appear very ill, but it cannot be recommended for children with sore throat unless streptococcal pharyngitis has been ruled out. Delayed prescribing of antibiotics results in a small increas...

Oct 1, 2004 Issue
Epstein-Barr Virus Infectious Mononucleosis [Article]

Infectious mononucleosis should be suspected in patients 10 to 30 years of age who present with sore throat and significant fatigue, palatal petechiae, posterior cervical or auricular adenopathy, marked adenopathy, or inguinal adenopathy. An atypical lymphocytosis of at least 20 percent or atypical ...

Sep 15, 2004 Issue
Telithromycin (Ketek) for Respiratory Tract Infections [STEPS]

Telithromycin is similar to azithromycin and clarithromycin in side effects, dosing, and cost, but with enhanced activity against S. pneumoniae. Although 30 to 40 percent of S. pneumoniae cases are thought to be resistant to penicillin and/or macrolides, additional clinical trials are needed to dete...

Aug 1, 2004 Issue
Antihistamines for the Common Cold [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Antihistamines are of minimal to no benefit as mono-therapy for the common cold, and first-generation antihistamines may increase sedation in patients with a cold. Antihistamine-decongestant combinations reduce nasal symptoms and improve the recovery rate in older children and adults, but these combinations are not effective in younger children.

Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Evaluation of Infants Born to Mothers with West Nile Virus Infection [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released interim guidelines for the evaluation of infants born to mothers with West Nile virus infection. West Nile virus is a single-stranded RNA flavivirus with antigenic similarities to Japanese encephalitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses.

Feb 15, 2004 Issue
AAP Releases Policy Statement on the Prevention of RSV Infections [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on the revised indications for the use of palivizumab and respiratory syncytial virus immune globulin intravenous (RSV-IGIV) for the prevention of RSV infections.

Jan 15, 2004 Issue
Treating Acute Bronchiolitis Associated with RSV [Article]

Treatment for infants with bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) includes supplemental oxygen, nasal suctioning, fluids to prevent dehydration, and other supportive therapies. High-risk children who should be hospitalized include those younger than three months and those with a p...

Aug 15, 2003 Issue
West Nile Virus in the United States: An Update on an Emerging Infectious Disease [Article]

West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and human neuropathogen. Since the virus was recognized in New York City in 1999, it has spread rapidly across the United States, with human disease documented in 39 states and the District of Columbia. West Nile virus can cause a broad range of clinica...

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