Kidney Disorders, Acute

Dec 1, 2019 Issue
Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular events, and progression to chronic kidney disease; therefore, the prompt diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause is critical. Management of acute kidney injury is primarily supportive, including fluid resuscitation, avoidance of nephrotoxicity, and renal replacement therapy if conservative therapy is not effective.

Oct 1, 2012 Issue
Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic evaluation c...

Aug 1, 2007 Issue
Acute Renal Failure [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of interventions to prevent acute renal failure in persons at high risk? What are the effects of treatments for critically ill persons with acute renal failure?

Nov 1, 2005 Issue
Management of Acute Renal Failure [Article]

Acute renal failure is present in 1 to 5 percent of patients at hospital admission and affects up to 20 percent of patients in intensive care units. The condition has prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal causes, with prerenal conditions accounting for 60 to 70 percent of cases. The cause of acute ren...

Jun 15, 2003 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Acute Interstitial Nephritis [Article]

Acute interstitial nephritis is an important cause of acute renal failure resulting from immune-mediated tubulointerstitial injury, initiated by medications, infection, and other causes. Acute interstitial nephritis may be implicated in up to 15 percent of patients hospitalized for acute renal failu...

Apr 1, 2000 Issue
Acute Renal Failure [Article]

Acute renal failure occurs in 5 percent of hospitalized patients. Etiologically, this common condition can be categorized as prerenal, intrinsic or postrenal. Most patients have prerenal acute renal failure or acute tubular necrosis (a type of intrinsic acute renal failure that is usually caused by ...

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