Kidney Stones

Mar 15, 2014 Issue
Preventing Recurrent Nephrolithiasis in Adults [Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews]

What are the potential benefits and adverse effects associated with dietary and pharmacologic interventions to prevent recurrence of kidney stones in adults 18 years and older?

Nov 1, 2013 Issue
Kidney Stones: Prevention Options [POEMs]

Increased fluid intake or decreased soft drink intake may prevent further kidney stones in patients with a single episode of a calcium stone, but other dietary interventions are not effective. Thiazides and citrates with increased fluid intake decrease recurrence in patients with multiple past stone...

Mar 15, 2013 Issue
Kidney Stones [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of interventions for the removal of asymptomatic renal or ureteric stones? What are the effects of interventions for the management of acute renal colic?

Dec 1, 2011 Issue
Treatment and Prevention of Kidney Stones: An Update [Article]

Kidney stones are associated with chronic kidney disease. Preventing recurrence is largely specific to the type of stone (e.g., calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, cystine, struvite [magnesium ammonium phosphate]), and uric acid stones); however, even when the stone cannot be retrieved, urine pH and...

Jul 1, 2006 Issue
Medical Management of Common Urinary Calculi [Article]

Nephrolithiasis is a common condition affecting nearly 5 percent of U.S. men and women during their lifetimes. Recurrent calculi can be prevented in most patients by the use of a simplified evaluation, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, and directed pharmacologic intervention. Serum studi...

Apr 1, 2001 Issue
Diagnosis and Initial Management of Kidney Stones [Article]

The diagnosis and initial management of urolithiasis have undergone considerable evolution in recent years. The application of noncontrast helical computed tomography (CT) in patients with suspected renal colic is one major advance. The superior sensitivity and specificity of helical CT allow urolit...

Nov 15, 1999 Issue
Prevention of Recurrent Nephrolithiasis [Article]

The first episode of nephrolithiasis provides an opportunity to advise patients about measures for preventing future stones. Low fluid intake and excessive intake of protein, salt and oxalate are important modifiable risk factors for kidney stones. Calcium restriction is not useful and may potentiat...

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