ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Labor, Delivery, Postpartum

May 1, 2019 Issue
Risks of Elective Labor Induction vs. Expectant Management [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Elective labor induction at 39 weeks’ gestation leads to a mean 145-g (5.1-oz) lower birth weight compared with expectant management, but there is conflicting evidence about the effects on rates of cesarean delivery, perinatal mortality, operative vaginal birth, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).


Apr 1, 2019 Issue
Testicular Cancer, Onset of Labor, Respiratory Tract Infection, Thyroid Cancer, Running Injuries [AFP Clinical Answers]

Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.


Feb 1, 2019 Issue
Complementary and Integrative Treatments for Pain Management in Labor [Cochrane for Clinicians]

There is evidence that all of the studied interventions have some benefit in labor, but the evidence is of low to very low quality. Massage, thermal interventions (warm and cold packs), relaxation techniques, yoga, and music reduce pain during latent labor, but not during active labor.


Jan 15, 2019 Issue
Animal Bites, Fall Risk, Croup, Scoliosis, Recurrent VTE, Postpartum Perineal Pain [AFP Clinical Answers]

Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.


Nov 1, 2018 Issue
Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid [Medicine by the Numbers]

This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid because of the lack of difference in rates of neonatal sepsis between the antibiotic and placebo groups.


Nov 1, 2018 Issue
Epidural Analgesia and Risk of Cesarean Delivery [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

There is no difference in the risk of cesarean delivery in women who receive epidural analgesia before 4 to 5 cm cervical dilation compared with later dilation.


Sep 1, 2018 Issue
Chewing Gum for Reducing Post-Cesarean Section Ileus [Medicine by the Numbers]

Although the current body of literature suggests a need for higher-quality, more robust research, the simplicity, frugality, and safety of chewing gum makes it a viable option to offer women undergoing cesarean section.


Aug 15, 2018 Issue
Safe Reduction of Primary Cesarean Births: National Partnership for Maternal Safety Releases Consensus Bundle [Practice Guidelines]

The National Partnership for Maternal Safety has developed a patient safety bundle that outlines important practices that every maternity unit should implement to reduce the number of primary cesarean births and improve care to increase the number of vaginal births.


Jun 1, 2018 Issue
NSAIDs for Postpartum Perineal Pain [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Women with third- or fourth-degree perineal lacerations or who received an episiotomy can be given oral NSAIDs to reduce perineal pain in the first six hours postpartum.


May 15, 2018 Issue
Maternal Obesity and Labor Induction [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Pregnant women who are obese have nearly double the rate of cesarean delivery, and obesity increases the median duration of active labor by up to four hours when labor is induced. The difference in cesarean delivery rate is larger in obese primigravida patients presenting with cervical dilation of less than 1 cm.


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