ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
The American Academy of Family Physicians and the American College of Physicians have published guidelines based on a systematic review and network meta-analysis of 207 studies involving 32,959 patients that evaluated treatments for acute musculoskeletal pain other than low back pain.
Primary care plays a large role in the management of acute pain; therefore, the American College of Physicians and the American Academy of Family Physicians developed a clinical practice guideline for the nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic management of acute pain from non–low back, musculoskeletal ...
Physicians should consider the ramifications before ordering an MRI in the setting of chronic pain. An MRI that is not indicated can lead to a procedure that is not necessary as both patient and physician focus on the abnormal study finding. Most patients improve with conservative management that requires active involvement.
Because no individual therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain has consistent benefit, a multimodal treatment approach is recommended. Many nonpharmacologic, noninvasive treatment approaches yield small to moderate improvement in pain and function. This article summarizes the evidence for these therapies, which can be used with pharmacologic or more invasive modalities.
The American Physical Therapy Association released guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patellofemoral pain.
This meta-analysis found no evidence that the monoclonal antibody denosumab reduces the risk of fracture more than bisphosphonates.
A teenaged baseball player presented with left knee pain, bruising, and swelling, as well as subjective quadriceps weakness 10 days after sustaining a leg injury while sliding into home plate.
In this study, platelet-rich plasma injections were no better than saline injections in improving pain or activity in patients with patellar tendinopathy. It did not matter whether the plasma was leukocyte rich or leukocyte poor.
The review found no evidence that supports any additional benefit of platelet-rich plasma injections compared with various control interventions, including saline placebo, in the non-operative treatment of rotator cuff disease in adults.
Tendons have a complex biology that provides strength, flexibility, and elasticity but also predisposes them to injury. Conservative treatment consists of activity modification, relative rest, pain control, protection, and rehabilitative exercises. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids also have a role despite the lack of histologic evidence of inflammation.