ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Musculoskeletal Care

Nov 1, 2005 Issue
A Clinical Approach to Diagnosing Wrist Pain [Article]

A detailed history alone may lead to a specific diagnosis in approximately 70 percent of patients who have wrist pain. Patients who present with spontaneous onset of wrist pain, who have a vague or distant history of trauma, or whose activities consist of repetitive loading could be suffering from a...


Apr 15, 2005 Issue
Iliotibial Band Syndrome: A Common Source of Knee Pain [Article]

Iliotibial band syndrome is a common knee injury. The most common symptom is lateral knee pain caused by inflammation of the distal portion of the iliotibial band. The iliotibial band is a thick band of fascia that crosses the hip joint and extends distally to insert on the patella, tibia, and bicep...


Nov 15, 2004 Issue
Acute Shoulder Injuries [Article]

The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body. The cost of such versatility is an increased risk of injury. It is important that family physicians understand the anatomy of the shoulder, mechanisms of injury, typical physical and radiologic findings, approach to management of injuries, and...


Aug 1, 2004 Issue
Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis [Article]

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the vertebral canal that compresses spinal nerves and may cause leg pain and difficulty walking. The symptoms of degenerative lumbar stenosis commonly occur in elderly adults and can be treated conservatively with pain-relieving agents or aggressively with decompres...


Jul 15, 2004 Issue
Diagnosing Heel Pain in Adults [Article]

Heel pain is a common condition in adults that may cause significant discomfort and disability. A variety of soft tissue, osseous, and systemic disorders can cause heel pain. Narrowing the differential diagnosis begins with a history and physical examination of the lower extremity to pinpoint the an...


Jun 15, 2004 Issue
Spondyloarthropathies [Article]

The spondyloarthropathies include ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis (including Reiter's syndrome), psoriatic arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease-associated spondyloarthropathy, and undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy. These diseases are linked by their association with the HLA-B27 gene a...


Apr 15, 2004 Issue
Hand and Wrist Injuries: Part I. Nonemergent Evaluation [Article]

Diagnosis of upper extremity injuries depends on knowledge of basic anatomy and biomechanics of the hand and wrist. The wrist is composed of two rows of carpal bones. Flexor and extensor tendons cross the wrist to allow function of the hand and digits. The ulnar, median, and radial nerves provide in...


Jan 1, 2004 Issue
Vertebral Compression Fractures in the Elderly [Article]

Compression fracture of the vertebral body is common, especially in older adults. Vertebral compression fractures usually are caused by osteoporosis, and range from mild to severe. More severe fractures can cause significant pain, leading to inability to perform activities of daily living, and life-...


Dec 15, 2003 Issue
Evaluation and Management of Toe Fractures [Article]

Fractures of the toe are one of the most common lower extremity fractures diagnosed by family physicians. Toe fractures most frequently are caused by a crushing injury or axial force such as stubbing a toe. Joint hyperextension and stress fractures are less common. Most patients have point tendernes...


Dec 1, 2003 Issue
Common Acute Hand Infections [Article]

Hand infections can result in significant morbidity if not appropriately diagnosed and treated. Host factors, location, and circumstances of the infection are important guides to initial treatment strategies. Many hand infections improve with early splinting, elevation, appropriate antibiotics and, ...


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