ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance, based on limited and moderate evidence, on diagnosing and nonsurgical treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants up to six months of age.
There are no clear evidence-based criteria to decide which patients should undergo operative vs. nonoperative management of acute Achilles tendon rupture.
Arthroscopic repair of degenerative meniscal tears in middle-aged adults does not significantly improve long-term pain or function. Patients should do physical therapy and try to avoid surgery if possible.
Lower extremity injuries are 18% more likely in overweight children, 24% more likely in obese children, and 34% more likely in extremely obese children when compared with normal weight peers. The risk of lower extremity fractures is also increased by 17% in overweight children, 23% in obese children...
Both physical therapy and corticosteroid injection decrease pain and disability by about 50% within one month of beginning treatment. However, average scores will not improve beyond that over the course of the year, and the average person will have pain, disability, and an altered quality of life on...
Epidural glucocorticoid injections are ineffective for lumbar spinal stenosis. Whether this will change practice for this lucrative procedure will be an interesting question.
This clinical guideline from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) updates the one previously published in 2008 and addresses treatment of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in adults 19 years and older.
In this study, the long-term outcomes of adults with nontraumatic supraspinatus tears who are treated conservatively are similar to those of patients treated with two different surgical approaches.
Review the differential diagnosis of elbow pain by anatomic location.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis, affecting approximately 2% to 4% of adolescents. The incidence of scoliosis is about the same in males and females; however, females have up to a 10-fold greater risk of curve progression. Although most youths with scoliosis will ...