ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
The American Heart Association released minor updates to neonatal resuscitation recommendations with only minor changes to the previous algorithm.
Is probiotic supplementation effective in decreasing crying in infants with colic?
Nov 1, 2020 Issue
Rebound Bilirubin Levels after Phototherapy in Neonates with Hyperbilirubinemia [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
Rebound elevation of bilirubin levels after phototherapy discontinuation in healthy term neonates is infrequent (fewer than 2% of infants with levels less than 14 mg per dL [239 mmol per L] at initial discontinuation). Obtaining a repeat bilirubin level four to six hours after phototherapy discontinuation is not recommended.
In infants at increased risk of atopy, restricting cow's milk supplementation for the first three days of life is associated with a significantly lower risk of developing a cow's milk allergy or food allergies by 24 months of age.
The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have updated guidelines for management of early- and late-onset group B streptococcus disease in infants.
Oct 1, 2019 Issue
Thickened Feedings for Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]
Bottle-fed infants with gastroesophageal reflux should be given thickened formula feedings.
Aug 15, 2019 Issue
Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.
Sep 1, 2018 Issue
Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of follow-up.
Feb 1, 2018 Issue
Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats per minute less...
A fever without an obvious source in an infant younger than three months is highly concerning. Although some infants have a potentially life-threatening invasive bacterial infection, such as meningitis, bacteremia, or sepsis, most have less serious conditions, such as a viral syndrome.