ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
The Step-by-Step approach, using a basic physical examination and readily available urine and blood tests (without lumbar puncture; see the Synopsis section), can successfully identify low-risk infants younger than 90 days who will not need empiric antibiotic treatment and lumbar puncture.
In nonbreastfed infants, using large bottles (at least 6 oz [180 mL]) to feed infants two months of age was associated with greater weight gain by six months of age. The authors did not report adverse effects associated with bottle size. This is an interesting study that suggests that smaller bottles may prevent overfeeding.
This study found that graduated extinction (increasing intervals between comforting the infant) and sleep fading (putting the child to bed progressively later until the parent finds the sweet spot) are both effective at decreasing sleep latency and the number of awakenings and decreasing maternal an...
Aug 1, 2016 Issue
Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Pain in Newborns [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Acetaminophen does not significantly reduce pain associated with heel lance, eye examinations, or assisted vaginal births in newborns. Acetaminophen may reduce the total amount of morphine a newborn needs in the first 48 hours following major abdominal or thoracic surgery.
Five hours after birth, scattered petechiae developed over the trunk and extremities of a newborn.
Diagnosing the cause of respiratory distress in newborns takes into account the patient and maternal history, risk factors, and possibly laboratory and chest radiography findings. Most neonates with respiratory distress can be treated with respiratory support and noninvasive methods.
Although the mainstay of treatment remains parental reassurance, dietary modifications may help. Find out which infants benefit from probiotic supplementation, and which common dietary allergens can be eliminated.
Sep 15, 2015 Issue
Atopic Eczema and Early Introduction of Solid Foods [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
In most children, solid foods may be introduced before four to six months of age without increasing the risk of atopic eczema.
Find out which infants are at greatest risk, read the latest recommendations on preventing SIDS, and learn about the unintended adverse consequences of the Back to Sleep campaign.
Review the current evidence and opinions about the accuracy of screening methods and treatment approaches and the possible risks.