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Neonatology/Newborn Issues

Oct 15, 2007 Issue
Outpatient Care of the Premature Infant [Article]

An increasing number of infants in the United States are born prematurely, with current statistics estimating about 13 percent of all births. Although survival rates and outcomes for premature infants have dramatically improved in recent decades, morbidity and mortality are still significant. Infant...


Oct 1, 2007 Issue
Respiratory Distress in the Newborn [Article]

The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and underdeveloped...


Aug 1, 2007 Issue
Updated AAP Guidelines on Newborn Screening and Therapy for Congenital Hypothyroidism [Practice Guidelines]

Guidelines on newborn screening and therapy for congenital hypothyroidism have been released by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Congenital hypothyroidism can cause mental retardation unless thyroid therapy is initiated within two weeks of birth.


May 1, 2007 Issue
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening [Article]

Congenital hearing loss is estimated to affect one in every 1,000 newborns. Causes of hearing loss can be conductive, sensorineural, mixed, or central. Known risk factors for congenital hearing loss include cytomegalovirus infection and premature birth necessitating a stay in the neonatal intensive ...


Oct 15, 2006 Issue
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [Article]

Developmental dysplasia of the hip refers to a continuum of abnormalities in the immature hip that can range from subtle dysplasia to dislocation. The identification of risk factors, including breech presentation and family history, should heighten a physician's suspicion of developmental dysplasia ...


Sep 15, 2006 Issue
Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: A.L. is a 4,100-g (9 lb, 1 oz), one-day-old boy born at 39 weeks’ gestation by cesarean section because of breech presentation following an uncomplicated pregnancy. One- and five-minute Apgar scores were 8 and 9, respectively.


Sep 1, 2006 Issue
CDC Releases Report on Early- and Late- Onset Neonatal GBS Infection [Practice Guidelines]

In 2002 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended universal screening of pregnant women at 35 to 37 weeks’ gestation for rectovaginal group B streptococcus (GBS) colo...


Jun 1, 2006 Issue
AAP Revised Recommendations for Examination of Infants for ROP [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement revising its 2001 statement on screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).


Jun 1, 2006 Issue
Newborn with Abnormal Arm Posture [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.


Jun 1, 2006 Issue
Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy and Early Childhood: An Update [Article]

Recent innovations in medical technology have changed newborn screening programs in the United States. The widespread use of tandem mass spectrometry is helping to identify more inborn errors of metabolism. Primary care physicians often are the first to be contacted by state and reference laboratori...


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