Neonatology/Newborn Issues

Oct 15, 2006 Issue
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [Article]

Developmental dysplasia of the hip refers to a continuum of abnormalities in the immature hip that can range from subtle dysplasia to dislocation. The identification of risk factors, including breech presentation and family history, should heighten a physician's suspicion of developmental dysplasia ...

Sep 15, 2006 Issue
Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: A.L. is a 4,100-g (9 lb, 1 oz), one-day-old boy born at 39 weeks’ gestation by cesarean section because of breech presentation following an uncomplicated pregnancy. One- and five-minute Apgar scores were 8 and 9, respectively.

Sep 1, 2006 Issue
CDC Releases Report on Early- and Late- Onset Neonatal GBS Infection [Practice Guidelines]

In 2002 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended universal screening of pregnant women at 35 to 37 weeks’ gestation for rectovaginal group B streptococcus (GBS) colo...

Jun 1, 2006 Issue
AAP Revised Recommendations for Examination of Infants for ROP [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement revising its 2001 statement on screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Jun 1, 2006 Issue
Newborn with Abnormal Arm Posture [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

Jun 1, 2006 Issue
Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy and Early Childhood: An Update [Article]

Recent innovations in medical technology have changed newborn screening programs in the United States. The widespread use of tandem mass spectrometry is helping to identify more inborn errors of metabolism. Primary care physicians often are the first to be contacted by state and reference laboratori...

Jun 1, 2006 Issue
Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and the supporting scientific evidence.

Mar 1, 2006 Issue
Discharge Procedures for Healthy Newborns [Article]

Physicians should use a checklist to facilitate discussions with new parents before discharging their healthy newborn from the hospital. The checklist should include information on breastfeeding, warning signs of illness, and ways to keep the child healthy and safe. Physicians can encourage breastfe...

Mar 1, 2006 Issue
CDC Releases Guidelines on Indentifying and Referring Persons with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome [Practice Guidelines]

Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and is a leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities, such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued consensus guidelines to help identify persons affecte...

Dec 15, 2005 Issue
AAP Clinical Report on Infant Methemoglobinemia [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently released a clinical report on the risk factors of nitrate poisoning in infants. Health care professionals who suspect that an infant has methemoglobinemia should contact the local poison control center or a toxicologist to assist in guiding management.

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