Neonatology/Newborn Issues

Aug 15, 2004 Issue
Hospital Stay for Healthy Term Newborns [Practice Guidelines]

The Committee on Fetus and Newborn of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on the length of hospital stays for healthy term newborns. The hospital stay of the mother-infant dyad should be long enough to allow identification of early problems and to ensure that the...

Aug 15, 2004 Issue
Infantile Colic [Article]

Infantile colic can be distressing to parents whose infant is inconsolable during crying episodes. Colic is often defined by the 'rule of three': crying for more than three hours per day, for more than three days per week, and for longer than three weeks in an infant who is well-fed and otherwise he...

Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Gowning in Newborn and Special-Care Nurseries [Cochrane for Clinicians]

There is no evidence that gowning in newborn nurseries and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) improves clinically important outcomes.

Jul 1, 2004 Issue
Evaluation of Infants Born to Mothers with West Nile Virus Infection [Practice Guidelines]

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released interim guidelines for the evaluation of infants born to mothers with West Nile virus infection. West Nile virus is a single-stranded RNA flavivirus with antigenic similarities to Japanese encephalitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses.

Jun 15, 2004 Issue
Craniosynostosis [Article]

Skull deformity in infants continues to be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Deformational plagiocephaly is a common and somewhat benign cause of skull deformity in infants that must be distinguished from the more serious craniosynostosis, which occurs alone or as a syndrome. Examining an infa...

Feb 15, 2004 Issue
The Newborn Foot [Article]

An examination of the feet is an essential component of an evaluation of a newborn. A thorough examination can be performed quickly. Despite its small size, the newborn foot is a complex structure. Most deformities can be diagnosed easily with physical examination alone, using few diagnostic studies...

Oct 1, 2003 Issue
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of interventions to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome?

Jun 15, 2003 Issue
The Abnormal Fontanel [Article]

The diagnosis of an abnormal fontanel requires an understanding of the wide variation of normal. At birth, an infant has six fontanels. The anterior fontanel is the largest and most important for clinical evaluation. The average size of the anterior fontanel is 2.1 cm, and the median time of closure...

May 15, 2003 Issue
Congenital Toxoplasmosis [Article]

Approximately 85 percent of women of childbearing age in the United States are susceptible to acute infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Transmission of T. gondii to the fetus can result in serious health problems, including mental retardation, seizures, blindness, and death. Som...

Apr 15, 2003 Issue
Is Oral Sucrose an Effective Analgesic in Neonates? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

The use of oral sucrose, with or without pacifiers, has been shown to relieve pain in neonates, as assessed by physiologic and behavioral pain indicators and pain scores.

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