Dec 01, 2021 Issue
Nutrition Support Therapy [Article]

Nutrition support therapy is the delivery of formulated enteral or parenteral nutrients to restore nutritional status. Family physicians can provide nutrition support therapy to patients at risk of malnutrition when it would improve quality of life. The evidence for when to use nutrition support the...

Nov 01, 2021 Issue
Screening for Vitamin D Deficiency in Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 49-year-old Black man with a history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and class I obesity (body mass index of 31.4 kg per m2) presents for a wellness examination. The patient's hypertension and diabetes are well controlled with lisinopril and metformin; they do not take any other medicat...

Nov 01, 2021 Issue
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025: Recommendations from the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services [Practice Guidelines]

The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services published updated guidelines for healthy eating across a person's lifespan.

Nov 01, 2021 Issue
Translating the 2020-2025 U.S. Dietary Guidelines into Clinical Practice [Editorials]

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Dietary Guidelines for Americans is where many look for guidance in answering the question, "What should we eat?" It is a question that patients and families often ask their physicians and health care teams, yet those teams generally have little training in nutrition and the science of dietary recommendations.

Oct 01, 2021 Issue
Healthy Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 36-year-old patient, L.B., with a history of hypertension presents for a wellness visit. The patient's mother had a stroke at 65 years of age and the patient's older brother recently had a heart attack. L.B. has an estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk of 6%, and L.B.'s body mass index is 29 kg per m2.

Sep 01, 2021 Issue
Reducing Saturated Fat Intake to Decrease the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Reducing saturated fat in the diet for at least two years decreases the risk of combined cardiovascular events. However, there is little to no effect on cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, or individual cardiovascular events.

Jul 1, 2020 Issue
Vitamin D Supplementation and All-Cause Mortality [Medicine by the Numbers]

Observational studies have shown that those with low vitamin D levels have higher cancer and cardiovascular mortality. Read more to learn about the effect of vitamin D supplementation on all-cause mortality.

Mar 1, 2020 Issue
Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation for Maintaining Cognitive Functioning in Cognitively Healthy Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Vitamin and mineral supplementation has little to no beneficial effect on preserving cognitive functioning or preventing dementia in cognitively healthy adults 40 years and older.

Jan 1, 2020 Issue
Antepartum Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake and Length of Gestation [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Omega-3 fatty acids, whether taken as supplements or consumed as part of the diet, reduce the risk of preterm birth (number needed to treat = 68) and early preterm birth (number needed to treat = 55).

Sep 15, 2019 Issue
Vitamin D Is Not Effective as Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease or Cancer [POEMs]

Vitamin D supplementation does not prevent cardiovascular events or cancer in mostly nondiabetic adults (men 50 years and older, women 55 years and older).

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