Oct 01, 2021 Issue
Healthy Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 36-year-old patient, L.B., with a history of hypertension presents for a wellness visit. The patient's mother had a stroke at 65 years of age and the patient's older brother recently had a heart attack. L.B. has an estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk of 6%, and L.B.'s body mass index is 29 kg per m2.

Sep 01, 2021 Issue
Reducing Saturated Fat Intake to Decrease the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Reducing saturated fat in the diet for at least two years decreases the risk of combined cardiovascular events. However, there is little to no effect on cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, or individual cardiovascular events.

Jul 1, 2020 Issue
Vitamin D Supplementation and All-Cause Mortality [Medicine by the Numbers]

Observational studies have shown that those with low vitamin D levels have higher cancer and cardiovascular mortality. Read more to learn about the effect of vitamin D supplementation on all-cause mortality.

Mar 1, 2020 Issue
Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation for Maintaining Cognitive Functioning in Cognitively Healthy Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Vitamin and mineral supplementation has little to no beneficial effect on preserving cognitive functioning or preventing dementia in cognitively healthy adults 40 years and older.

Jan 1, 2020 Issue
Antepartum Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake and Length of Gestation [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Omega-3 fatty acids, whether taken as supplements or consumed as part of the diet, reduce the risk of preterm birth (number needed to treat = 68) and early preterm birth (number needed to treat = 55).

Sep 15, 2019 Issue
Vitamin D Is Not Effective as Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease or Cancer [POEMs]

Vitamin D supplementation does not prevent cardiovascular events or cancer in mostly nondiabetic adults (men 50 years and older, women 55 years and older).

Jul 15, 2019 Issue
Vitamin D is Equal to Placebo for Preventing Cognitive Decline in African-American Women with Low Vitamin D Levels [POEMs]

Is vitamin D more effective than placebo in preventing cognitive decline in African American women older than 65 years who have low serum vitamin D levels at baseline?

Mar 1, 2019 Issue
Hemorrhoids, Tremor, C. difficile Infection, Migraine, Vitamin D Screening [AFP Clinical Answers]

Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

Oct 1, 2018 Issue
Interventions for Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children Five Years and Younger [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Child feeding interventions are effective in the short term (i.e., less than 12 months) for increasing a child's intake of fruits and vegetables, but only by less than 5% of the recommended daily allowance. Conversely, parental nutrition education and multicomponent interventions, such as combining ...

Aug 15, 2018 Issue
Nutrition in Toddlers [Article]

During toddlerhood, children acquire the motor skills needed to feed themselves and develop preferences that affect their food selections. Parents and caregivers are important models for healthy eating and activity and should provide healthy food options for toddlers to choose from. Find out what the recommendations are for healthy eating in toddlers.

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