Aug 1, 2015 Issue
Micronutrient Supplementation During Pregnancy [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

A multimicronutrient supplement is an oral tablet containing the recommended daily allowance of several vitamins and minerals. The World Health Organization does not recommend multimicronutrient supplementation because of the potential for increased neonatal mortality in some situations.

May 1, 2015 Issue
Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.

May 1, 2015 Issue
Nutrition Myths and Healthy Dietary Advice in Clinical Practice [Article]

Learn to avoid common nutrition myths and counsel patients to improve their diets by eating more whole foods (e.g., fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts) instead of ultraprocessed foods.

Feb 15, 2015 Issue
Low-Carbohydrate Diet Better Than Low-Fat Diet to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Cause Weight Loss [POEMs]

More than 40 years ago, Dr. Robert Atkins wrote his first book advocating for a low-carbohydrate diet to cause and sustain weight loss. This study (of mostly women) found that a low-carbohydrate diet—though not as severe a diet as the Atkins approach—caused an average 3.5 kg (7.7 lb) greater weight loss than a low-fat diet.

Jan 1, 2015 Issue
Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

Jun 1, 2014 Issue
Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

Jun 1, 2014 Issue
Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 55-year-old woman presents to your office for a refill of her blood pressure medication. She is otherwise healthy and does not take other medications. She states that her older sister has been taking vitamin D and calcium supplements for several years “to keep her bones strong,” and asks whether she should take vitamin D and calcium as well.

Mar 1, 2014 Issue
Nut Consumption Associated with Reduced Mortality [POEMs]

In a study of health professionals, nut consumption was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. This was primarily because of a reduction in heart disease associated with any nut consumption and a reduction in cancer associated with tree nut consumption.

Aug 1, 2013 Issue
Mediterranean Diet Reduces Cardiovascular Events [POEMs]

In a high-risk population, a Mediterranean diet, supplemented with either nuts or olive oil, reduces the likelihood of a composite outcome of cardiovascular events or death over a five-year follow-up period (number needed to treat = 70). The relative risk reduction is approximately 30%. This is the ...

Jun 15, 2013 Issue
Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case Study: G.H., a 35-year-old woman, presents for a routine preventive visit. She has no chronic illnesses or significant family history of disease. She does not smoke, but admits she does not exercise regularly or eat a very healthy diet. She drinks a moderate amount of alcohol.

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