ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Learn which diet and physical activity strategies have the best supporting evidence to prevent the leading causes of death in the United States.
Antenatal dietary education appears to decrease the rate of preterm birth and increase infant birth weight among undernourished women. Providing balanced energy and protein supplements to pregnant women decreases the risk of stillbirth, low birth weight, and having an infant that is small for gestational age (number needed to treat [NNT] = 28).
The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) has released the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which update the previous 2010 guideline, to provide guidance regarding healthy eating.
What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?
You do not have to treat a low vitamin D level if your patient is a typical community-dwelling postmenopausal woman younger than 75 years. The usual dosage of vitamin D, 800 IU (20 mcg) daily, will not increase levels even after a year of therapy and has little effect on calcium absorption or bone mineral density.
Your patients are likely using some type of dietary supplement, whether they tell you or not. What can a physician do to support and protect patients from harm if they choose to use readily available dietary supplements?
Sep 15, 2015 Issue
Atopic Eczema and Early Introduction of Solid Foods [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
In most children, solid foods may be introduced before four to six months of age without increasing the risk of atopic eczema.
Sep 15, 2015 Issue
Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors [Putting Prevention into Practice]
J.W., a 34-year-old man who smokes, presents for his annual checkup for hypertension. Hisblood pressure is elevated (142/95 mm Hg), and he has gained 10 lb (4.5 kg) since his lastvisit. J.W. is now considered overweight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 27 kg per m2. He reports no other symptoms or problems.
A multimicronutrient supplement is an oral tablet containing the recommended daily allowance of several vitamins and minerals. The World Health Organization does not recommend multimicronutrient supplementation because of the potential for increased neonatal mortality in some situations.
May 1, 2015 Issue
Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.