ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Nutrition

Jan 1, 2015 Issue
Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.


Jun 1, 2014 Issue
Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]


Jun 1, 2014 Issue
Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 55-year-old woman presents to your office for a refill of her blood pressure medication. She is otherwise healthy and does not take other medications. She states that her older sister has been taking vitamin D and calcium supplements for several years “to keep her bones strong,” and asks whether she should take vitamin D and calcium as well.


Mar 1, 2014 Issue
Nut Consumption Associated with Reduced Mortality [POEMs]

In a study of health professionals, nut consumption was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. This was primarily because of a reduction in heart disease associated with any nut consumption and a reduction in cancer associated with tree nut consumption.


Aug 1, 2013 Issue
Mediterranean Diet Reduces Cardiovascular Events [POEMs]

In a high-risk population, a Mediterranean diet, supplemented with either nuts or olive oil, reduces the likelihood of a composite outcome of cardiovascular events or death over a five-year follow-up period (number needed to treat = 70). The relative risk reduction is approximately 30%. This is the ...


Jun 15, 2013 Issue
Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case Study: G.H., a 35-year-old woman, presents for a routine preventive visit. She has no chronic illnesses or significant family history of disease. She does not smoke, but admits she does not exercise regularly or eat a very healthy diet. She drinks a moderate amount of alcohol.


Jun 15, 2013 Issue
Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]


May 1, 2013 Issue
Dietary Fat Modification and the Risk of Future Cardiovascular Events and Mortality [Cochrane for Clinicians]

According to the authors of this Cochrane review, reducing or modifying a patient's dietary fat intake did not lower the rates of either total or cardiovascular-related mortality when compared with usual or control diets. Reducing the intake of total or saturated fats decreased the risk of cardiovas...


Apr 15, 2013 Issue
Should Family Physicians Screen for Vitamin D Deficiency? No: Screening Is Unnecessary, and Routine Supplementation Makes More Sense [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine]

The evidence remains incomplete, but there are numerous problems with regularly measuring serum vitamin D levels to assess for deficiency.


Apr 15, 2013 Issue
Should Family Physicians Screen for Vitamin D Deficiency? Yes: Targeted Screening in At-Risk Populations Is Prudent [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine]

Although it is not time for general population-based screening for vitamin D deficiency, we should focus on screening populations at risk of or who have osteoporosis.


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