May 15, 2007 Issue
AHA Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations [Practice Guidelines]

Improving dietary and lifestyle habits is a critical part of any strategy for cardiovascular risk reduction. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently revised its diet and lifestyle recommendations to reflect new evidence.

Nov 1, 2006 Issue
Nutrition in Toddlers [Article]

Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol restriction sh...

Aug 15, 2006 Issue
Rickets: Not a Disease of the Past [Article]

Rickets develops when growing bones fail to mineralize. In most cases, the diagnosis is established with a thorough history and physical examination and confirmed by laboratory evaluation. Nutritional rickets can be caused by inadequate intake of nutrients (vitamin D in particular); however, it is n...

Jun 1, 2006 Issue
Low-Carbohydrate Diets [Article]

Americans spend dollar 33 billion annually on weight loss products and services, and a large portion of this money is spent on low-carbohydrate diets. Because of their higher protein and fat content and lower fiber and carbohydrate content, concerns have been raised about the potential health conseq...

Feb 1, 2006 Issue
AHA Releases Dietary Recommendations for Children and Adolescents [Practice Guidelines]

The American Heart Association (AHA) has released revised nutritional guidelines for children and adolescents, with new focuses on total caloric intake and eating behaviors. This is in response to significant changes in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and nutrition behaviors in children.

Jan 1, 2006 Issue
Is Oral Vitamin B12 as Effective as Intramuscular Injection? [Cochrane for Clinicians]

In patients with vitaminB12 deficiency, two oral regimens have been shown to achieve neurologic and hematologic response in the short term. Effective dosages were (1) 2,000 mcg daily or (2) 1,000 mcg daily for 10 days, then weekly and monthly.

Nov 1, 2005 Issue
Acute Treatment of Hyperkalemia [Cochrane for Clinicians]

According to disease-oriented evidence, insulin and intravenous glucose, inhaled albuterol (Ventolin), and dialysis are the best treatment options; the first two may be given in combination. Bicarbonate or resins are not recommended for routine use, particularly without one of the more effective agents listed above.

Jan 15, 2005 Issue
Undiagnosed Vitamin D Deficiency in the Hospitalized Patient [Article]

Vitamin D deficiency among hospitalized patients may be more widespread than realized. Vague musculoskeletal complaints in these chronically ill patients may be attributed to multiple underlying disease processes rather than a deficiency in vitamin D. However, the failure to diagnose an underlying d...

Aug 1, 2004 Issue
Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: JB, a 35-year-old smoker, comes to your office for a well-woman examination. Reviewing her medication list, you learn that she is taking numerous vitamin supplements, including vitamins A, C, E, and beta-carotene.

Dec 15, 2003 Issue
Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendations and Rationale [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on routine vitamin supplementation to prevent cancer and cardiovascular disease and the supporting scientific evidence.

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